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Personers erfarenheter av att leva med diabetes mellitus typ 2
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Persons' experiences of living with diabetes mellitus type 2 (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a chronic disease which increased in many countries and is rated as a threat to the public health. In order to be able to handle the disease and prevent severe complications or even death, the person affected with diabetes mellitus type 2 should gather knowledge about the disease and take on great responsibility for proper treatment.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe persons' experience of living with diabetes mellitus type 2.

Method: The method used was a literature study based on qualitative research. The articles were analysed according to Friberg (2017) five step model and resulted in three themes and eight subthemes.

Results: The themes were The importance of culture, Self-management and Participation in care. The theme The importance of culture described how religion and culture could affect the persons' choice of food and the ways they managed their disease under religious celebrations such as Ramadan. The theme Self-management described the obstacles they could face with their disease, such as medication and how they could manage to control it. The theme Participation in care described different obstacles in health care such as language, culture and lack of insight into the disease.

Conclusion: One of the most important parts in self-managing diabetes mellitus type 2 was that the persons should realize they suffered from a chronic disease and that they had to change their lifestyles in order to prevent complications related to the disease.

Abstract [sv]

Diabetes mellitus typ 2 har ökat under de senaste decennium att sjukdomen ses som en epidemi. Sjuksköterskan möter svårigheter i att finna motivation till livsstilsförändringar hos personer som har sjukdomen. Som sjuksköterska är en betydelsefull del i vårdandet av personen med diabetes mellitus typ 2 att ta del av personens resurser för att finna personens förmåga till att sköta sin sjukdom. För personen med sjukdomen är det av stor vikt att inse att diabetes mellitus typ 2 är en kronisk och progressiv sjukdom som kräver åtgärder och skötsel, då komplikationerna till sjukdomen kan vara allvarliga och i värsta fall leda till döden.

I en globaliserad värld är det angeläget för sjuksköterskan att ha förståelse för hur kultur och religion spelar in i vissa personers liv och hur det kan påverka synen på sjukdom, egenvård och läkemedel. Den förståelsen kan förbättras genom att sjuksköterskan får en bredare kompetens inom kultur och religion samt hur dessa två faktorer påverkar samhällslivet. Sjuksköterskan ska också ha ett öppet förhållningssätt gentemot personer med en annan religiös åskådning och med andra socioekonomiska förutsättningar än den som sjuksköterskan själv har.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 25
Keywords [en]
daily-life, diabetes type 2, person experience, resources, self-management
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13563Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13563DiVA, id: diva2:1289876
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved

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