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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av barn som misstänks fara illa eller som far illa.: En litteraturbaserad studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses´ experiences of suspected child maltreatment or child maltreatment : A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Child maltreatment has since 1979 been a punishable crime according to Swedish law but is still occurring in society today. All sorts of physical, psychological, sexual violence, neglect and exploitation of an individual under 18 years old was qualified as child maltreatment. Previous research has found an insecurity among nurses when they met children exposed to maltreatment. Nurses can encounter these children and are obligated through duty to notify and report when they suspect child maltreatment.

Aim: The aim of this study was to illustrate nurses´ experiences of suspected child maltreatment or child maltreatment.

Method: A literature review was conducted with a qualitative approach. Ten qualitative studies from Cinahl and Pubmed was reviewed for quality assurance and analyzed by Friberg's five-step analysis.

Result: The analyze of the study resulted in three themes and eight subthemes. The first theme, Complex meetings, was about experiences in being a professional and challenges in the meeting. The second theme, Complicated assignments, described how nurse's experienced to assess the child's situation, to make a report and the cooperation with authorities. The third and last theme, Inhibitory and promotional activities, exposed the nurse's view on receiving support and education and the support for children and parents.

Conclusion: Nurses experienced that it was important to be available and to build a relation with the child so the child could feel safe to tell about the mistreatment. It has also been shown that the nurse experienced complex emotions in the meeting with both the child and the parents and that it was not always clear to the nurse when to report child maltreatment. There was a need for more information and education for the nurse within the topic of child maltreatment. Also, the nurse experienced a need for better cooperation with the authorities that oversees cases of child maltreatment.

Abstract [sv]

Att komma i kontakt med barn som far illa är något som alla sjuksköterskor kan komma att göra. Detta är en litteraturbaserad studie med analys av kvalitativa artiklar som visar att det utifrån flera perspektiv är både svårt och komplext.

Denna studies resultat visar att sjuksköterskor upplever att det finns både viktiga och svåra delar i mötet och att det kan vara svårt att vara professionell, även om det eftersträvas. Det upplevs som att det finns faktorer som både kan underlätta och försvåra en bedömning och likaså som påverkar om sjuksköterskan utfärdar en anmälan. Att göra en anmälan har en känslomässig påverkan på sjuksköterskan och samverkan med myndigheter upplevs som svår och bristande.

Sjuksköterskan har erfarenheter av att stödet är otillräckligt och upplever att de vill ha mer support från både kollegor och professionellt stöd. För att kunna känna sig mer trygga inför dessa situationer önskar de få mer utbildning kring barn som far illa. Sjuksköterskan ser också att det finns ett stödbehov hos familjerna och barnen. Att kunna ge stöd upplevs viktigt men ibland svårt om familjen inte vill ta emot det eller när åtgärder riskerade att bryta barnets förtroende för sjuksköterskan. Verksamheter och supportgrupper upplevs vara ett bra stöd och att samarbete med skola kan underlätta för barnet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Child abuse, Child maltreatment, Nurses´ experiences, Nursing, Qualitative study.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13559Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13559DiVA, id: diva2:1289785
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved

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