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Depression hos äldre: Äldre personers upplevelser av att leva med depression
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Depression among elderly people : elderly people´s experiences of living with depression (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Depression is one of the most common diseases among elderly people all around the world. It is both psychological and physical factors that plays part in elderly developing depression. Because of an increasing population of elderly, the amount of elderly people with depression will increase year by year. Research regarding elderly people with depression is inadequate and a greater focus from the health care system is necessary, for developing a better understanding for this group and their well-being.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe elderly people's experiences of living with depression.

Method: A literature-based study with qualitative method was used to analyze nine articles. Results: In the result three categories developed; isolation, loneliness and self-autonomy. The isolation from other people was associated with both physical limitations and with self-selected feelings of not wanting to become a burden for relatives and to preserve their independency. The loneliness was both associated with loss of relatives and close friends and with lack of coherence. The self-autonomy was associated with fear of losing control over life and to preserve independency.

Conclusion: The elderly people are vulnerable for strain and sensitive for losing their dignity. As they get older, a sense of loneliness and isolation are strongly associated with depressive feelings among the elderly. To protect their self-autonomy, many of the elderly people wants to take care of their depression on their own, with no influence from relatives or health care.

Abstract [sv]

Depression hos äldre är ett fenomen som blir allt vanligare i samhället. Kunskap om depression hos äldre är bristfällig inom sjukvården. Det krävs mer kunskap om de äldre personernas egna upplevelser av att leva med depression.

För att kunna stödja och uppmärksamma de äldres mående behöver sjuksköterskor utvecklad kunskap och förståelse avseende denna patientgrupp. De äldre upplever isolering i relation till deras depression. I vissa fall är depressionen påtvingad eftersom fysiska begränsningar hindrar de äldre personerna att komma hemifrån. I andra fall väljer de äldre personerna, genom att självmant isolera sig, ett undvikandebeteende ifrån andra människor. De äldre personerna med depression upplever en stor ensamhet associerat med förluster av närstående och starka känslor av avsaknad av sammanhang som de tidigare i livet befunnit sig i. Att värna om sitt självbestämmande är viktigt för de äldre personerna med depression. Delvis i relation till att de inte vill bli beroende av andra människors hjälp, men också för att de vill bevara kontroll över sitt liv på egen hand, trots depressionen.

Resultatet i denna studie kan användas av sjuksköterskor för att få en ökad förståelse gällande äldre personers upplevelser av att leva med depression och på så vis möjliggöra en bättre förståelse och en ökad kunskap för denna patientgrupp.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Depression, elderly, experience, isolation, loneliness
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13536Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13536DiVA, id: diva2:1288821
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-25 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved

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