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Svenska ungdomars uppfattning av sexualkunskapen de får i skolan: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på upplevelser
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Swedish adolescents' perception of the sexual education provided to them in school : a qualitative study focusing on experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sexualkunskapen i skolan är viktig för att guida ungdomar framåt i livet, där vissa skolor lyckas bättre med denna uppgift än andra. Forskning kring resultat av sexualundervisningen finns, men studier som undersöker ungdomarnas uppfattning är mer sällsynt.

Denna fenomenologiska studie ämnar bidra till att synliggöra elevernas åsikter och önskemål. Studien baseras på elva semistrukturerade intervjuer där 18-åriga ungdomar fått möjlighet att utvärdera och kommentera sexualkunskapen i skolan.

I resultaten av den tematiska analysen framträdde tre tydliga teman: lärarens insats och påverkan, undervisningens innehåll och upplägg samt tid som ägnas åt ämnet. Det övergripande resultat som återfinns i samtliga intervjuer är besvikelse/missnöje, vilket även präglar resultaten av analysen. Ett oväntat resultat var att flertalet informanter var nöjda med sexualundervisningen i mellanstadiet, men att den blev sämre i högstadiet.

Studiens resultat ger förståelse för att eleverna upplevt sexualkunskapen som knapphändig, ytlig och gammaldags samt att de önskar en uppdaterad undervisning som möter deras behov. Vidare önskas lärare som är trygga inom ämnet och därmed påvisar en säkerhet i rollen som sexualkunskapslärare, samt mer lektionstid för sexualkunskap. Studien utgör därmed ett bidrag till utvecklingen av dagens sexualundervisning.

Abstract [en]

Sexual education in school is important to provide a guideline forward in adolescents' lives, where some schools seem to accomplish this mission in a better way than others. Research in these results in education is available, but studies that examine adolescents' perception are rare.

This phenomenological study aims to make visible the opinions and wishes of the students. The study is based upon semi-structured interviews in which eleven 18-year-olds had the opportunity to evaluate and comment on their sexual education in school.

In the results of the thematic analyses three themes emerged; the teachers' contribution and impact, content and arrangement of the tuition, and time dedicated to the subject. The overall result that was found in all interviews was discontentment and disappointment, which also incuse the results of the analyses. An unexpected finding was that a majority of the informants were more satisfied with the sexual education at lower grades, but that it got worse at higher grades.

The results of this study provides an understanding that the students perceive the sexual education as scanty, shallow and old fashioned and that they wish for a more updated tuition that meet their needs in a better way. Furthermore, there is a desire for teachers that are confident in the topic which leads to a confidence in their role as sexual educators, as well as more time in class for sexual education. The study thereby constitutes a contribution to the vega

development of the contemporary sexual education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
sexual education, adolescents, perception, Sweden, qualitative method
Keywords [sv]
sexualkunskap, ungdomar, uppfattning, Sverige, kvalitativ metod
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13467Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13467DiVA, id: diva2:1283388
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-01-29 Last updated: 2019-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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