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Evolutionsteorin: Har barndomsminnen ett överlevnadsvärde?
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Evolutionary theory : does childhood memories have a survival value? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Forskning om det mänskliga minnet är omfattande och likaså forskning kring evolutionsteorin, men studier som undersöker hur människors barndomsminnen har påverkat deras beteenden och synsätt i vuxen ålder utifrån evolutionsteorin är mer sällsynta.

Avsikten med den föreliggande studien var att bidra till att denna kunskapslucka fylls igen. Semistrukturerade intervjuer med tre pedagoger, en socialpedagog, två psykologistudenter, två sociologistudenter samt en sjuksköterskestudent genomfördes med fokus på vilka barndomsminnen de haft, negativa eller positiva, samt hur de upplevt att det påverkat deras beteenden och synsätt i vuxna livet. Informanternas ålder var mellan 25 – 66 år och det var fem män och fyra kvinnor. Utifrån informanternas svar undersöktes om dessa kunde kopplas till evolutionsteorin och om barndomsminnena hade överlevnadsvärden.

I resultatet av den tematiska analysen framträdde sju teman: 1. Rädsla, 2. Utanförskap, 3. Hjälpsamhet, 4. Föräldra-/vuxenroll, 5. Tillhörighet, 6. Svek/brist på tillit och 7. Negativa erfarenheter. Studiens resultat ger förståelse för hur barndomsminnen kan påverka människors beteenden samt hur evolutionsteorin kan ta sig uttryck hos människor idag. Resultatet visar människors strävan att ständigt förbättra sina egenskaper genom att lära sig av sina eller andras misstag.

Studien ger därmed ett psykologiskt bidrag till den kvalitativa forskningen om hur människors minnen kan anpassas genom generationer utifrån evolutionsteorin.

Abstract [en]

Research in human memory is extensive and so is research on the theory of evolution, but studies that investigate how people's childhood memories have influenced their behaviors and approaches in adulthood based on the theory of evolution are rare.

The purpose of the present study was to contribute to the completion of this knowledge gap. Semi-structured interviews with three educators, a social educator, two psychology students, two sociology students and a nursing student were conducted focusing on which childhood memories they have had, negative or positive, and how they have experienced how it has affected their behavior and approach in adult life. The informants were between 25 and 66 and there were five men and four women. Based on the informants' answers, we examined whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values whether these could be linked to the theory of evolution and if childhood memories has survival values.

In the result of the thematic analysis, seven themes emerged: 1. Fear, 2. Alienation, 3. Helpfulness, 4. Parental / Adult Role, 5. Belonging, 6. Betrayal / Lack of Trust and 7. Negative experiences. The study's results give an understanding of how childhood memories can affect people's behavior and how evolution  theory can be applied in people today. The result shows people's efforts to constantly improve their characteristics by learning from their or other’s mistakes.

The study thus makes a psychological contribution to the qualitative research on how people's memories can be adapted through generations based on the theory of evolution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
Childhood memory, evolution theory, survival, qualitative study, negative memories, behaviors
Keywords [sv]
Barndomsminne, evolutionsteori, överlevnad, kvalitativ studie, negativa minnen, beteenden
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13453Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13453DiVA, id: diva2:1282591
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved

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