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Mindfulness, Big Five, ålder och kön: en sambandsstudie
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mindfulness, Big Five, age and sex : a correlation study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Mindfulness innebär att vara avsiktligt fokuserad på nuet och samtidigt icke-dömande mot de tankar och känslor som kan dyka upp. Eftersom man kan vara mer eller mindre mindful helt naturligt blev studiens frågeställningar att undersöka om det fanns samband mellan mindfulness (beroende variabel), personlighetsdrag, kön samt ålder (oberoende variabler).

Studien använde sig av en kvantitativ metod genom en webbaserad enkät med totalt 20 frågor. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) användes för att mäta mindfulness och Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) för att mäta personlighetsdrag. Deltagarna i studien (N=114) bestod av 76 kvinnor och 38 män (medelålder=25,8, standardavvikelse=6,7). Datamaterialet analyserades med hjälp av korrelationsanalys, regressionsanalys, t-test samt Cohens' d.

Resultatet från den föreliggande studien skiljde sig något, men var i stora drag i linje med tidigare forskning. Resultatet visade att ålder och extrovert inte hade något samband till mindfulness. Vänlighet hade svagt och negativt samband till mindfulness. Samvetsgrannhet hade medelstarkt och positivt samband till mindfulness. Neuroticism hade starkt och negativt samband till mindfulness. Öppenhet hade svagt och positivt samband till mindfulness. Det fanns en måttlig skillnad mellan män och kvinnors medelvärden i relation till mindfulness med statistisk signifikans. Samvetsgrannhet och neuroticism var de två personlighetsdragen som hade statistiska signifikans till mindfulness. Regressionsanalysen visade att personlighetsdrag, ålder och kön förklarar en ganska stor del (42%) av mindfulness medan ålder och kön verkar förklara en liten del (4%) av mindfulness.

Abstract [en]

Mindfulness means being deliberately focused on the present with a nonjudgmental attitude towards the feelings and thoughts that may emerge. Since a person can be more or less mindful by default this study will look at the relations between mindfulness (dependent variable), and personality traits, sex and age (independent variables).

This essay used a quantitative method with an internet-based inquiry poll with a total of 20 questions. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to measure mindfulness and Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to measure personality traits. The participants (N = 114) consisted of 76 women and 38 men (average age = 25.8, standard deviation = 6.7). The data material was analyzed by using correlation analysis, regression analysis, t-test and Cohen's d.

The results were similar to previously conducted studies on the same topic although there were a few small differences. The results showed that age and extraversion lacked any connection to mindfulness. Agreeableness showed a weak and negative connection to mindfulness. Conscientiousness have a medium strong and positive connection towards mindfulness. Neuroticism showed a strong and negative connection to mindfulness. Openness showed a weak and positive connection to mindfulness. A moderate difference was found between the sexes in relationship to mindfulness with a statistical significance. Conscientiousness and neuroticism was the two personality traits that had a statistical significance to mindfulness. The results from the regression analysis showed that traits, age and gender explain a quite large portion (42%) of mindfulness while age and sex and age have a smaller explanatory effect (4%) on mindfulness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 15
Keywords [en]
Mindfulness, personality traits, Big Five, sex, age, MAAS, TIPI
Keywords [sv]
Mindfulness, personlighetsdrag, Big Five, kön, ålder, MAAS, TIPI
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13452Local ID: EXP301OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13452DiVA, id: diva2:1282571
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-28 Created: 2019-01-25 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved

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