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Risk and protective factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan high-risk male populations
Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5705-5705
Abdelmalek Essaâdi University, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Tetouan, Morocco.
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2018 (English)In: PeerJ, ISSN 2167-8359, E-ISSN 2167-8359, Vol. 6, article id e5930Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Substance use is linked to biological, environmental, and social factors. This study provides insights on protective and risk factors for drug dependence in two Moroccan, high-risk, male samples.

Methods

Data from the "Mental and Somatic Health without borders" (MeSHe) survey were utilized in the present study. The MeSHe survey assesses somatic and mental health parameters by self-report from prison inmates (n = 177) and outpatients from an addiction institution (n = 54). The "Drug dependence" and the "No drug dependence" groups were identified based on the Arabic version of the Drug Use Disorder Identification Test's (DUDIT) validated cutoff for identifying individuals with drug dependence, specifically in Morocco.

Results

The majority of participants who had at least high school competence (67.6%), were living in a partnership (53.7%), were a parent (43.1%), and/or had a job (86.8%) belonged to the "No drug dependence" group, while the presence of mental health problems was typical among the "Drug dependence" group (47.4%). A multivariable regression model (χ2 (df = 5, N = 156) = 63.90, p < 0.001) revealed that the presence of depression diagnosis remains a significant risk factor, while a higher level of education, having a child, and being employed are protective factors from drug dependence.

Discussion

Findings support the importance of increasing academic competence and treating depression as prevention from the persistence of drug addiction in male high-risk populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 6, article id e5930
Keywords [en]
Arabic-DUDIT, Depression, Drug dependence, Employment, MeSHe study, Partnership, Protective factors, Risk factors
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-13125DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5930ISI: 000452328300010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85056310232OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-13125DiVA, id: diva2:1262929
Available from: 2018-11-13 Created: 2018-11-13 Last updated: 2019-05-24Bibliographically approved

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