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Sex differences in personality are larger in gender equal countries: Replicating and extending a surprising finding.
University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Skövde, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Skövde, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sex differences in personality have been shown to be larger in more gender equal countries. We advance this research by using an extensive personality measure, the IPIP-NEO-120, with large country samples (N > 1000), from 22 countries. Furthermore, to capture the multidimensionality of personality we measure sex differences with a multivariate effect size (Mahalanobis distance D). Results indicate that past research, using univariate measures of effect size, have underestimated the size of between-country sex differences in personality. Confirming past research, there was a strong correlation (r = .69) between a country's sex differences in personality and their Gender Equality Index. Additional analyses showed that women typically score higher than men on all five trait factors (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness), and that these relative differences are larger in more gender equal countries. We speculate that as gender equality increases both men and women gravitate towards their traditional gender roles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Big five, Country comparisons, Gender equality, Personality, Sex differences
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12943DOI: 10.1002/ijop.12529PubMedID: 30206941Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053411189OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12943DiVA, id: diva2:1251689
Note

First published online: 11 September 2018

Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2019-05-28Bibliographically approved

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Kajonius, Petri

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CiteExportLink to record
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