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Associations Between Conduct Disorder, Neurodevelopmental Problems and Psychopathic Personality Traits in a Swedish Twin Youth Population
National Board of Forensic Medicine, Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 40, no 4, p. 586-592Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research has found a complex relationship between psychopathic traits, neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs), and conduct disorder (CD) in children. This study explores associations between psychopathic traits, assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory—Short Version (CPTI-SV), and CD in children with and without coexisting NDPs (i.e., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in a community-based sample of Swedish twins (n = 8762). Findings indicate weak to moderately strong correlations between psychopathic traits and CD, ADHD, and ASD, respectively. Furthermore, in univariable analyses, both psychopathic traits and NDPs displayed significant positive associations with being screened positive for CD, though only the grandiose-deceitful dimension of CPTI-SV and the ADHD domain concentration and attention deficits remained significantly associated with CD in a multivariable regression model. The results are relevant to screening and assessment in child and youth psychiatry, as a grandiose and deceitful interpersonal style may also be a valid sign of children at risk of developing CD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 40, no 4, p. 586-592
Keywords [en]
Conduct disorder, Neurodevelopmental problems, Psychopathic traits, Callous-unemotional, Grandiose-deceitful
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology; Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12642DOI: 10.1007/s10862-018-9689-zISI: 000449296700003PubMedID: 30459483Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85049132067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12642DiVA, id: diva2:1230581
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareSwedish Research Council
Note

First Online: 29 June 2018

Funders: Söderström-Königska Foundation; the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013, no. 602768

Available from: 2018-07-04 Created: 2018-07-04 Last updated: 2019-07-25Bibliographically approved

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Kerekes, Nora

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