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Att fortsätta leva efter en hjärtinfarkt
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To continue living after myocardial infarction (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden approximately 25,700 people were affected by myocardial infarction in 2016 which has been a major cause of mortality for several years. The patients suffered from both psychological and physical effects after myocardial infarction. Therefore it’s of great importance for nurses to acknowledge information about the experience to provide evidence based care. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe patient's experience of everyday life after a myocardial infarction. Method: Eight articles were chosen for this qualitative literature based study. The analysis resulted in four themes and eight subthemes. Results: The result showed that participants described living with an indescribable fatigue that was only temporarily eased by rest, and a good night sleep didn’t restore vigour. The support from family, friends and caregivers was crucial to apply lifestyles changes in daily life. Dietary changes were often obtained but hard to sustain without the support of caregivers. Participants expressed anxiety, fear and frustration of having a myocardial infarction and the fear of having another myocardial infarction and didn’t know safe physical activity levels. This caused limitations in the participants everyday lives. Conclusion: Myocardial infarction impose changes in participants everyday lives. Lack of information from healthcare was a recurrent problem. Uncertainty of physical activity levels were present among participants. Participants tried various strategies to manage the illness of fatigue. With increased knowledge about the aftermath of myocardial infarction nurses can provide person-centered follow-up care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
Daily life, myocardial infarction, patient experience, rehabilitation, turning point
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12638Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12638DiVA, id: diva2:1230513
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-05 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-07-05Bibliographically approved

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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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