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Psychological distress in Moroccan prison inmates and the effect of active substance abuse
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Psykisk ohälsa hos marockanska fängelseintagna och effekter av ett aktivt substansmissbruk (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Förekomsten av psykisk ohälsa hos fängelseintagna är väl utbrett och har bekräftats av tidigare studier.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka den psykiska ohälsan hos fängelseintagna i Marocko och att klargöra skillnader i psykisk ohälsa hos de intagna som har ett aktivt substansbruk och hos de med ett inaktivt/inget substansbruk.

Metod: Undersökningen inkluderade 177 manliga intagna, som fyllde i en uppsättning av frågeformulär, däribland Drug Use Disorder Identification Test (DUDIT) and Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Deltagandet var frivilligt och anonymt.

Resultat: Det påvisades en signifikant skillnad i psykisk ohälsa mellan grupperna "aktiva missbrukare" och "inaktiva/icke missbrukare". Intagna med aktivt missbruk hade värre mental hälsa i alla domäner av BSI. Den största skillnaden uppmättes i domänerna "GSI (Global Severity Index)", "fientlighet" och "depression".

Konklusion: Detta är den första studien som beskriver marockanska intagnas psykiska hälsa. Studiens resultat stärker även tidigare forskning om att drogmissbruk förvärrar psykisk ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Background: Psychiatric ill-health among prison inmate populations is frequently occurring problem, confirmed by previous research.

Aim: The present study aims to determine Moroccan prisoners' psychiatric profile, operationalized as psychological distress, and to define the differences in the level of psychological distress among inmates with an active substance abuse and those with not active or no substance abuse.

Methods: A sample of 177 male inmates completed an anonymous survey, which included the Drug Use Disorder Identification Test (DUDIT) and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI).

Results: The difference in the level of psychological distress of "Active addicts" compared to "Not active or non-addicts" was highly significant. "Active addict" prison inmates scored significantly higher in each primary symptom domains of BSI. The strongest differences were measured in the general distress scale, and the hostility and depression domains.

Conclusion: This is the first study describing Moroccan inmates' mental health profile while strengthening previous findings about the negative effects of active drug abuse on mental health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Mental health, Morocco, prison inmates, psychological distress, substance abuse
Keywords [sv]
Fängelseintagna, Marocko, mental hälsa, psykisk ohälsa, substansmissbruk
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12583Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12583DiVA, id: diva2:1228142
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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