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Tidsbaserad konflikt mellan arbete och familj
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Time-based conflict between work and family (English)
Abstract [en]

A common subject today is how people experience difficulties keeping requirements from work and family apart. This study aimed to investigate: (1) What correlations can be found between experienced work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC), the number of hours worked (paid work), the number of hours spent on family and household labor (non-paid work) and division of labor. (2) To what extent paid work, non-paid work and division of labor can predict experienced conflict. (3) If the results concerning experienced conflict differ between women and men. The participants in the study consisted of 389 employees who lived with an employed partner. 211 women and 178 men in the ages of 29-80 years (M = 52) participated. The instrument used to answer the research questions was parts of International Social Survey Program 2012: Opinions on family and work. With correlations, regressions, and t-test the results showed that the only important variables that correlated with experienced WFC was paid work (r = .19) and nonpaid work (r = -.11). Experienced FWC did not show any important correlations for this study. The result also showed that all variables in the study could predict WFC up to 9% and experienced FWC up to 6%, and that women experienced WFC to a greater extent than men do. Division of labor had almost non-existent correlations with either conflict, but did show a strong correlation with gender (r = .58). The conclusion of the present study is that paid and non-paid work, division of labor and gender can to some extent play an important role for in what extent a person experiences conflict between work and family, and vice versa.

Abstract [sv]

Idag pratas det ofta om hur människor upplever svårigheter i att hålla isär de krav som ställs på dem från både arbetsliv och familjeliv. Denna studie har för avsikt att undersöka: (1) Hur sambanden ser ut mellan upplevd work-family conflict (WFC), family-work conflict (FWC), antalet arbetade timmar på jobbet (betald arbetstid), antalet timmar spenderade på familj och hushållssysslor (obetald arbetstid) och arbetsfördelning i hemmet. (2) I vilken grad betald arbetstid, obetald arbetstid och arbetsfördelningen i hemmet kan förklara upplevd konflikt. (3) Om resultaten kring upplevd konflikt skiljer sig mellan kvinnor och män. Deltagarna i undersökningen bestod av 389 arbetstagare som lever tillsammans med en arbetande partner. Av respondenterna var 211 kvinnor och 178 män i åldrarna 29-80 år (M = 52). Instrumentet som användes för att besvara forskningsfrågan var delar av International Social Survey Program 2012: Åsikter om familjeliv och arbete. Genom korrelationsanalys, regressionsanalys och t-test visade resultaten att de enda för studien betydelsefulla variablerna som samvarierade med upplevd WFC var betald arbetstid (r = .19) och obetald arbetstid (r = -.11). Upplevd FWC visade inga betydelsefulla samband. Det visades också att studiens alla variabler kunde förklara upplevd WFC med upp till 9% och upplevd FWC med upp till 6% samt att kvinnor upplever WFC i en högre grad än män. Arbetsfördelning i hemmet visar på nästintill obefintliga samband med båda konflikterna, men visade sig däremot ha ett starkt samband med kön (r = .58). Slutsatsen av föreliggande studie är att betald och obetald arbetstid, arbetsfördelning i hemmet och kön kan spela en viss roll för i vilken grad en person upplever konflikt mellan arbete och familjeliv och tvärtom

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
Work-family conflict, family-work conflict, rollkonflikt, arbetstid, familj, hushållssysslor, arbetsfördelning
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12419Local ID: EXM530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12419DiVA, id: diva2:1228015
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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