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Känsla av sammanhang hos intagna som arbetar med lantbruksdjur
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Sense of coherence in inmates working with farm animals (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund I USA och andra länder används lantbruksdjur i rehabiliterande syfte inom olika program på anstalter. Inom svenska anstalter används lantbruksdjur dock endast som sysselsättning utan rehabiliterande eller terapeutiskt syfte. Syfte Syftet med studien var att undersöka förändring i intagnas känsla av sammanhang under anstaltsvistelsen och studera effekten av arbete med lantbruksdjur på intagnas känsla av sammanhang. Metod Metoden som användes i denna studie var en kvantitativ ansats med en kvasiexperimentell studiedesign. I början och slutet av en 6-12 veckors period undersöktes 81 manliga intagnas självskattade känsla av sammahang på tre utvalda klass-3 anstalter i Sverige. Känsla av sammanhang mäts i aspekter av meningsfullhet, begriplighet och hanterbarhet. Resultat Resultatet av studien visade att det fanns en generell ökning av känsla av sammanhang hos intagna under anstaltvistelsen. De som jobbade med lantbruksdjur rapporterade en positiv och signifikant ökning på subskalan begriplighet och på total KASAM. Dock visade mellangrupp analyser inga signifikanta skillnader. Andel intagna som ökade sin totala KASAM var dubbelt så stor inom lantbruksdjursgruppen jämfört med jämförelsegruppen. Konklusion Sysselsättning i sig har en mätbar positiv effekt på de intagnas känsla av sammanhang medan arbete med lantbruksdjur, som sysslsättning, har en specifik och starkare effekt än annan typ av sysselsättning.

Abstract [en]

Background. In the United States and other countrys, farm animals are used for rehabilitation purposes in different prison-based programs. In Swedish prisons, farm animals are only used as an occupation for the inmates, without any therapeutic or rehabilitation purposes. Aim The aim of the study was to examine if there was a change in the inmates sence of coherence during the institution´s stay and to study the effect of the work with farm animals on the inmates’ sence of coherence. Method The method used in the study was of quantitative approach with an quasi-experimental design. At the start and at the end of a 6-12 weeks-period in three selected low security prisons in Sweden, 81 male inmates` sence of coherence was measured by a self-rated instrument that assesses aspects of comprehensibility, manageability, meaningfulness. Results The result of this study showed an general increase of sense of coherence on the inmates during the institution´s stay. The farm animal group had an positive increase in the subscale comprehensibility and in the KASAM total scale. Between group analyses shown no significant differences. The proportion of inmates with increased KASAM was dubble as many in the group who worked with farm animals, compared to those not working with farm animals. Conclusion Occupation of inmates increases their sence of coherence, while work with farm animals as occupation has a specific and stronger effect on inmates’ sence of coherence than other occupation possibilities within the prison environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 17
Keywords [en]
comprehensibility, farm animals, manageability, meaningfulness, prison inmates, SOC
Keywords [sv]
bergiplighet, hanterbarhet, intagna, KASAM, lantbruksdjur, meningsfullhet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12571Local ID: EVX500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12571DiVA, id: diva2:1227948
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved

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