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Physical activity on prescription in primary health care: an observational study
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and diabetes. To increase the physical activity level among the population a health promotion approach is needed. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is a treatment method designed to support patients to increase their PA level, it is based on a structured planning, follow-up and evaluation of PA. The Swedish PAP-treatment has now been used in the last decade for increased physical activity and there is no evidence of how the treatment method works over a long period of time.

Methods: The aim of this observation study was to describe changes in PA level and health related quality of life (HRQOL) during 18 months follow-up of PAP-treatment in primary health care. This study includes 346 patients from 15 primary health centers in Gothenburg, age 27-85, who had at least one component of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and were physically inactive. The PAP-treatment included individualized dialogs between the patient and the nurse, a PAP and a structured follow-up. 214 patients (61.8%) completed the 18-month follow-up. Results: There was a significant improvement (p = <0.001) in physical activity level and 59.1% increased their PA to a sufficient PA level, according to public health recommendations. There were also some significant improvements in health-related quality of life in: general health, vitality, social function, mental health and mental component summery, assessed by the Short Form 36.

Conclusions: This study indicates that PAP-treatment has a potential of improving peoples PA level and mental health quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 23
Keywords [en]
HRQOL, Physical activity, PAP-treatment, Primary health care
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12431Local ID: EXD800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12431DiVA, id: diva2:1213594
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Specialist nursing programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf