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Economic poverty among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries
University of Southern Denmark, Unit for Health Promotion Research, Denmark.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Sweden.
Bergen University, Department of Health Promotion and Development, Faculty of Psychology, Norway.
University of Southern Denmark, Unit for Health Promotion Research, Denmark.
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 20_suppl, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: This study aimed to identify applied definitions and measurements of economic poverty and to explore the proportionsand characteristics of children and adolescents living in economic poverty in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway andSweden during the last decade and to compare various statistics between the Nordic countries. Methods: Official data fromcentral national authorities on statistics, national reports and European Union Statistics of income and living conditionsdata were collected and analysed during 2015–2016. Results: The proportion of Nordic children living in economic povertyin 2014 ranged from 9.4% in Norway to 18.5% in Sweden. Compared with the European Union average, from 2004 to 2014Nordic families with dependent children experienced fewer difficulties in making their money last, even though Icelandicfamilies reported considerable difficulties. The characteristics of children living in economic poverty proved to be similar inthe five countries and were related to their parents' level of education and employment, single-parent households and – inDenmark, Norway and Sweden – to immigrant background. In Finland, poverty among children was linked in particular tolow income in employed households. Conclusions: This study showed that economic poverty among Nordic familieswith dependent children has increased during the latest decade, but it also showed that poverty rates are notnecessarily connected to families' ability to make their money last. Therefore additional studies are neededto explore existing policies and political commitments in the Nordic countries to compensate families withdependent children living in poverty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications Ltd , 2018. Vol. 46, no 20_suppl, p. 30-37
Keywords [en]
adolescent; child; human; infant; newborn; poverty; preschool child; risk factor; Scandinavia; statistics and numerical data; young adult, Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Poverty; Risk Factors; Scandinavian and Nordic Countries; Young Adult
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Public health science; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12236DOI: 10.1177/1403494817743894ISI: 000428758300005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85044149107OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12236DiVA, id: diva2:1194733
Available from: 2018-04-03 Created: 2018-04-03 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur

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