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Co-constructing Expertise: Competence Development through Work-Integrated e-Learning in joint Industry-University Collaboration
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Production System. (LINA)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0086-9067
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is inter-disciplinary and proceed from the ongoing challenges of the increased digitalization, automation and robotization that impact the manufacturing industry's emergent need of high-qualified practitioners. Digitalization also challenges universities to open up to external collaboration and to design blended e-learning targeting industry knowledge needs. The studies take up on such challenges and explore inter-organizational collaborations and forms of knowledge construction to strengthen engineering competences integrated inwork in a way that enables manufacturing companies to remain effective and to be prepared for future industrial transformations. The objective is to explore how mutual construction of knowledge emerge through learning activities between multiple actors in a joint industry-university collaborative e-learning practice. The empirical setting is a new type of collaborative course concept developed within the project ProdEx. The project comprise a network of industries and one university in a longitudinal design and implementation process of blended and work-integrated e-learning. This initiative was explored with a collaborative action research approach integrated with five studies, from four perspectives, the industry managers, the practitioners, the research teachers and the course unit. Negotiated knotworking, from cultural-historical activity theory, became a central theoretical concept and a working tool to examine how managers, practitioners and research teachers together negotiated production technology knowledge content and e-learning design towards future workplace transformations. This concept was used to further understand how co-construction of knowledge was developing over time into a richer concept. The results contributes to a wider understanding of how co-construction of knowledge in an e-learning design practice was developing into stronger relations between actors and into more stable courses. Real learning cases and digital labs support theory-practical intertwining of mutual learning of active participation between practitioners and ix research teachers. Initial e-learning technology failures and pedagogical mistakes in the courses were easier to overcome, than issues concerning continuous company support for course participation. Matching industry competence needs with university research fields is continuously challenging. Practitioners' aiming for personal continuous competence development on university level created critical and high-qualitative performances and valuable engagement throughout the process of co-construction of knowledge. The knowledge co-construction became a two-way development, pushing research teachers to active involve and consider practitioners' industry experiences concerning learning content, pedagogical strategies and e-learning forms. While earlier research has discussed the problems of crossing boundaries between industry and university, overall findings show that industry and university actors are crossing boundaries when they mutually co-construct knowledge in an elearningpractice. Co-construction of knowledge entail mutual trust, sideways and interactive learning in a collaborative context. The main contribution suggested in the thesis is that co-constructing expertise entail three levels of activities among actors; to have insight into the purposes and practices of others (relational expertise), the capacity to transform the problems of a practice and together build common knowledge (distributed expertise), and finally the capacity of mutually co-construct knowledge acted upon in practice towards work-integrated transformations (co-constructing expertise).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West , 2018. , p. 157
Series
PhD Thesis: University West ; 14
Keyword [en]
Competence Development, e-Learning design, Learning activities, Co-construction, Manufacturing industry, Expert knowledge, Knotworking, Expansive Transformation, Boundary crossing
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Learning
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12022ISBN: 978-91-87531-75-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-87531-76-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-12022DiVA: diva2:1177466
Public defence
2018-01-16, F104, Trollhättan, 14:47 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-25
List of papers
1. Digitizing work: Organizational Work-Integrated Learning through Technology Mediated Courses in Manufacturing Industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitizing work: Organizational Work-Integrated Learning through Technology Mediated Courses in Manufacturing Industry
2013 (English)In: 18th WACE World Conference on Cooperative & Work-Integrated Education: WIL-POWER: FUELING THE FUTURE WORKFORCE, WACE , 2013, p. 1-12Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The manufacturing industry is continuously facing global competition and customer demands which impose the need to knowledge development to manage changes and long-term business goals. Continuous and lifelong learning is often seen as processes that support competence development and learning integrated within work. In this paper we focus on processes of learning within the manufacturing industry and how learning initiatives as technology mediated courses (TMC) can support learning from the workplace learning needs. Is learning initiatives integrated in work considered as means for strategic business goals? Can TMC be an important learning tool for support of knowledge creation? The study is performed through interviews with production managers and human resource managers with eight manufacturing industries in the western part of Sweden. Through the study we try to understand what knowledge the industry needs to evolve and achieve effective production. We also study the readiness for technology mediated learning. Early results show that the industries have interest in learning initiatives such as TMC and are willing to co-produce knowledge together with universities. We present a matrix model that interlinks business goals and the industries current use of technology mediated learning tools. However, the experience of using tools such as web conference systems and learning management systems for learning initiatives is diversified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WACE, 2013
Series
Conference Proceedings Abstracts, ISSN 2152-0518
Keyword
workplace learning, work-integrated learning, technology mediated courses, manufacturing industry, WIL, AIL
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5876 (URN)
Conference
18th WACE World Conference on Cooperative & Work-Integrated Education, June 24-27, 2013, Durban, South Africa
Projects
MERIT - Manufacturing Education and Research with Information Technology
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
2. E-learning Readiness and Absorptive Capacity in the Manufacturing Industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>E-learning Readiness and Absorptive Capacity in the Manufacturing Industry
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning, ISSN 1867-5565, E-ISSN 1867-5565, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 33-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The manufacturing industry constantly strive to develop the competencies of their expert production engineers in order to achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. Research shows that the absorptive capacity of a firm is central in order to reach such a goal. The absorptive capacity is the firm´s ability to recognize the value of new external information, assimilate it, and apply it to commercial ends, and thereby exploit the conditions for innovation. In this paper the concept of absorptive capacity is used as a lens for analyzing managerial rationales for engaging in technology enhanced competence development projects. Through interviews with key informants in 15 manufacturing firms we study the capabilities and readiness that organizations need for participation in e-learning initiatives. We present a framework of readiness for technology enhanced competence development comprised of the following interrelated constructs; awareness, e-learning maturity, dynamic capability and co-creativity. Results show a broad variation of levels within the constructs among the firms. Notable is the low level of e-learning maturity and dynamic capability. We argue that e-learning maturity is dependent on all four constructs.

Keyword
Absorptive capacity, e-learning readiness, technology enhanced competence development, work-integrated learning, Work-integrated Learning, WIL, AIL, e-lärande
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-7157 (URN)
Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-12 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
3. Situated and Mediated Engineering Education: Researchers Design Conceptions of e-Learning targeting Industry Practitioners Competence needs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Situated and Mediated Engineering Education: Researchers Design Conceptions of e-Learning targeting Industry Practitioners Competence needs
(English)In: International Journal of Continuing Engineering Education and Life-Long Learning, ISSN 1560-4624, E-ISSN 1741-5055Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12020 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
4. Action Design Research: Design of e-WIL for the Manufacturing Industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Action Design Research: Design of e-WIL for the Manufacturing Industry
2015 (English)In: The 2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS 2015): Proceedings, 2015, p. 1-14Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper reports on a design process of e-learning courses for competence development of experienced employees in the manufacturing industry. Through a cross- organizational collaborative action design research project the aim was to design e-learning courses at university level to support work-integrated learning. Two design- and learning cycles were evaluated over two years. The first cycle identified challenges that were applied to a pilot course in Industrial automation. From evaluation of this course we derived design principles applied to two further courses in Machining and Negotiation skills. The results from our empirical data suggest general principles as competence mapping work, collaborative manufacturing e-WIL cases and interactive learning technologies for design of e-WIL courses as boundary crossing activities to reach transformative learning integrated in the manufacturing industry.

Keyword
e-learning courses, e-learning in the workplace, manufacturing industry
National Category
Materials Engineering
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8916 (URN)2-s2.0-84963517895 (Scopus ID)978-0-9966831-0-4 (ISBN)
Conference
21st Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2015; El Conquistador Resort and Convention CenterFajardo; Puerto Rico; 13 August 2015 through 15 August 2015.
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
5. From contradictions to transformation: a study of joint Work-Integrated Elearning between Industry and University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From contradictions to transformation: a study of joint Work-Integrated Elearning between Industry and University
(English)In: Journal of Engineering Education, ISSN 0096-0640Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Informatics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12021 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-25 Created: 2018-01-25 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Hattinger, Monika

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