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Chlorine-induced high temperature corrosion of HVAF-sprayed Ni-based alumina and chromia forming coatings
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7663-9631
Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9578-4076
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2018 (English)In: Corrosion Science, ISSN 0010-938X, E-ISSN 1879-0496, Vol. 132, no March, p. 170-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Chlorine-induced corrosion of HVAF-sprayed Ni21Cr and Ni5Al coatings was investigated in 5 vol.% O2 + 500vppm HCl + N2 with and without KCl at 600 °C up to 168 h. Both coatings were protective in the absence of KCl. With KCl, Ni21Cr degraded through a two-stage mechanism: 1) formation of K2CrO4 followed by diffusion of Cl− through the oxide grain boundaries to yield chlorine and a non-protective oxide, and 2) inward diffusion of chlorine though defects in the non-protective oxide, leading to breakaway oxidation. Cl−/Cl2 could not diffuse through the protective alumina scale formed on Ni5Al, hence the corrosion resistance increased.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 132, no March, p. 170-184
Keywords [en]
Thermal spray coating, NiCr, NiAl, High-Velocity Air Fuel (HVAF), biomass-/waste-fired boiler, fireside corrosion
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Composite Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11960DOI: 10.1016/j.corsci.2017.12.033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11960DiVA, id: diva2:1169671
Funder
Knowledge Foundation, DNR 20160201Available from: 2017-12-29 Created: 2017-12-29 Last updated: 2018-05-03Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ni-based coatings for high temperature corrosion protection
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ni-based coatings for high temperature corrosion protection
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Biomass/waste-fired boilers severely suffer from high temperature corrosion of critical load-bearing components, e.g. water-wall and superheater tubes, due to presence of Cl-containing corrosive species. Deposition of a dense and adherent Ni-based coating by high velocity air-fuel (HVAF) thermal spray technique is a promising approach to extend the component's lifetime and, hence, increase the thermal/electrical efficiency of the boilers. In this research, high temperature corrosion of candidate Ni-based coatings –Ni21Cr, Ni21Cr7AlY, Ni5Al, Ni21Cr9Mo, Ni21Cr9Mo-SiO2 – sprayed by HVAF has been investigated through detailed laboratory studies in ambient air, moisture and HCl-laden environments. The exposures were conducted at 600 °C for up to 168 h with and without presence of KCl salt. All coatings were highly protective in all environments in the absence of KCl due to formation of corresponding protective scales of alumina or chromia on the coating surface. When KCl was introduced, chromia-forming coatings degraded through a two-stage mechanism; 1) formation of K2CrO4 and Cl- followed by diffusion of Cl- through oxide grain boundaries, leading to formation of Cl2, metal chlorides as well as a nonprotective oxide, and 2) inward diffusion of the formed Cl2 through defects in the non-protective oxide, leading to metal chloride evaporation and breakaway oxidation. The corrosion behavior of the chromia-forming Ni21Cr coating was improved by addition of alloying elements such as Al and Mo. It was also shown that adding dispersed SiO2 further increased the corrosion resistance of the coatings. The oxide scale formed in the presence of SiO2 effectively suppressed Cl- ingress and lowered the corrosion rate, since the formed oxide was continuous, adherent andrich in Cr. The performance of the coatings in the complex Cl-containing environment was ranked as (from highest to lowest corrosion resistance); Ni21Cr9Mo-SiO2 > Ni21Cr7AlY > Ni5Al > Ni21Cr9Mo > Ni21Cr, confirming the enhanced corrosion protection of chromia-forming coatings in the presence of alloying elements and dispersed SiO2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2018. p. 78
Series
PhD Thesis: University West ; 23
Keywords
Thermal Spray Coating; HVAF; High Temperature Corrosion Protection; Composition; Microstructure; Dispersed Oxide
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12277 (URN)978-91-87531-70-5 (ISBN)978-91-87531-69-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-05-31, F104, Trollhättan, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-04 Created: 2018-05-03

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Sadeghimeresht, EsmaeilMarkocsan, NicolaieJoshi, Shrikant V.

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