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Failure analysis of thermally cycled columnar thermal barrier coatings produced by high-velocity-air fuel and axial-suspension-plasma spraying: A design perspective
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1897-0171
University West, Department of Engineering Science.
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9578-4076
University West, Department of Engineering Science, Division of Subtractive and Additive Manufacturing. (PTW)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2857-0975
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2018 (English)In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 3161-3172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Axial-suspension-plasma spraying (ASPS) is a fairly recent thermal spray technology which enables production of ceramic top coats in TBCs, incorporating simultaneously the properties of both the conventional-plasma sprayed (highly insulating porous structures) and electron-beam-physical-vapor-deposited (strain-tolerant columnar structures) top coats. TBCs are required to insulate the hot components in a gas turbine engine against high temperature and harsh operating conditions. Periodic heating and cooling of turbine engines during operation can create severe thermal cyclic fatigue conditions which can degrade the performance of these coatings eventually leading to the failure. An in-depth experimental investigation was performed to understand the failure behavior of columnar TBCs subjected to thermal cyclic fatigue (TCF) test at 1100 C. The study revealed that the TCF performance was influenced to an extent, by the top coat microstructure, but was primarily affected by the severity of thermally grown oxide (TGO) growth at the bond coat-top coat interface. Mixed failure modes comprising crack propagation through the bond coat-TGO interface, through TGO and within the top coat were identified. Based on the analysis of the experimental results and thorough discussion a novel design of microstructure for the high TCF performance columnar TBC is proposed. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 44, no 3, p. 3161-3172
Keywords [en]
Air; Coatings; Engines; Gas turbines; Microstructure; Plasma jets; Plasma spraying; Sprayed coatings; Structural design; Suspensions (components); Thermal spraying, Columnar structures; Experimental investigations; High velocity air fuels; Physical vapor deposited; Suspension plasma spraying; Thermal cyclic fatigue; Thermal spray technology; Thermally grown oxide, Thermal barrier coatings
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11920DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.11.084ISI: 000423891900070Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85034822127OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11920DiVA, id: diva2:1165680
Available from: 2017-12-13 Created: 2017-12-13 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Design of Suspension Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of Suspension Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are widely used on gas turbine components to provide thermal insulation, which in combination with advanced cooling, can enable the gas turbine to operate at significantly higher temperatures even above the melting temperature of the metallic components. There is a permanent need,mainly due to environmental reasons, to increase the combustion temperature inturbines, hence new TBC solutions are needed. By using a liquid feedstock in thermal spraying, new types of TBCs can be produced. Suspension plasma/flame or solution precursor plasma spraying are examples of techniques that can be utilized for liquid feedstock thermal spraying. This approach of using suspension and solution feedstock, which is an alternative to the conventional solid powder feedstock spraying, is gaining increasing research interest since it has been shown to be capable of producing coatings withsuperior performance. The objective of this research work was to identify relationships between process parameters, coating microstructure, thermal conductivity and lifetime in suspension plasma sprayed TBCs. A further objective was to utilize these relationships to enable tailoring of the TBC microstructure for superior performance compared to state-of-the-art TBC used in industry today, i.e. solid feedstock plasma sprayed TBCs. Different spraying techniques, namely suspension high velocity oxy fuel, solution precursor plasma and suspension plasma spraying (with axial and radial feeding) were explored and compared to solid feedstock plasma spraying. A variety of microstructures, such as highly porous, vertically cracked and columnar, were produced and investigated. It was shown that there are strong relationships between microstructure, thermo-mechanical properties and performance of the coatings. Specifically, axial suspension plasma spraying wasshown as a very promising technique to produce various microstructures as wellas highly durable coatings. Based on the experimental results, a tailored columnar microstructure design for a superior TBC performance is also proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trollhättan: University West, 2018. p. 96
Series
PhD Thesis: University West ; 20
Keywords
Microstructure; Thermal Barrier Coatings; Axial Injection; Suspension Plasma Spraying; Porosity; Thermal Conductivity; Fracture Toughness; Lifetime
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Production Technology; ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-12336 (URN)978-91-87531-92-7 (ISBN)978-91-87531-91-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-15, F104, University West, Trollhättan, 10:15 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-25 Created: 2018-05-23 Last updated: 2018-05-25

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Ganvir, AshishMarkocsan, NicolaieGupta, Mohit Kumar

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