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Revisiting the Structure of the Short Dark Triad
University of Skövde, Sweden; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Blekinge County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden; Lund University, Lund, Sweden Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Assessment, ISSN 1073-1911Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the past decade, extensive interest has been directed toward the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism,and psychopathy), popularly assessed by the Short Dark Triad (SD3). Nevertheless, relatively little research has beenconducted on the SD3's factor structure. We investigated the SD3's psychometric properties in three studies with three independent samples, using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (N1 = 1,487; N2 = 17,740; N3 = 496). In all three studies, Machiavellianism and psychopathy items displayed large general factor loadings, and narcissism larger specific factor loadings. In subsequent studies, two- and three-factor models fitted the data similarly, with the best fitting model beinga bifactor model with items from Machiavellianism and psychopathy modelled as one specific factor, and narcissism as asecond specific factor. On this basis, we suggest that the SD3 does not seem to capture the different mental processestheorized to underlie the similar behaviors generated by Machiavellianism and psychopathy. Additionally, we recommend the use of a single SD3 composite score, and not subscale scores, as subscales contain small amounts of reliable variance beyond the general factor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017.
Keyword [en]
Dark Triad, SD3, factor analysis, psychopathy, Machiavellianism, narcissism
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11874DOI: 10.1177/1073191117701192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11874DiVA: diva2:1161920
Available from: 2017-12-01 Created: 2017-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Kajonius, Petri

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