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Treatment adherence in Asthma and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Personality traits, Beliefs about medication and Illness perception
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7367-715X
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. , 80 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1597
Keyword [en]
ADHD, adherence, asthma, beliefs about medication, illness perception, personality
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11849ISBN: 9789176854167 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11849DiVA: diva2:1161499
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-11-30 Created: 2017-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Personality, adherence, asthma control and health-related quality of life in young adult asthmatics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personality, adherence, asthma control and health-related quality of life in young adult asthmatics
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2009 (English)In: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 103, no 7, 1033-1040 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
Adherence, Asthma, Asthma control, Health-related quality of life, Personality traits, Young adults
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-1667 (URN)10.1016/j.rmed.2009.01.013 (DOI)09546111 (ISSN) (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-09-21 Created: 2009-09-21 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. The Influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to asthma treatment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to asthma treatment
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2011 (English)In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1471-4418, E-ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 20, no 2, 141-147 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim:To explore the influence of personality traits and beliefs about medicines on adherence to treatment with asthma medication.

Methods:Respondents were 35 asthmatic adults prescribed controller medication. They answered questionnaires about medication adherence, personality traits, and beliefs about medicines.

Results:In gender comparisons, the personality traits “Neuroticism” in men and “adherence to medication” were associated with lower adherent behaviour. Associations between personality traits and beliefs in the necessity of medication for controlling the illness were identified. Beliefs about the necessity of medication were positively associated with adherent behaviour in women. In the total sample, a positive “necessity-concern” differential predicted adherent behaviour.

Conclusion:The results imply that personality and beliefs about medicines may influence how well adults with asthma adhere to treatment with asthma medication.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Strategic Medical Pub, 2011
Keyword
adherence, asthma, medication beliefs, personality traits, treatment
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3217 (URN)10.4104/pcrj.2011.00005 (DOI)
Available from: 2011-02-18 Created: 2011-02-18 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
3. Beliefs regarding medication and side effects influence treatment adherence in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beliefs regarding medication and side effects influence treatment adherence in adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
2016 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Adherence to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment is important because, when untreated, it may have serious consequences with lifelong effects. In the case of adolescents on long-term medicine prescription, more knowledge is needed regarding adherence and factors influencing adherence, which was the purpose of this study. Adolescents (n = 101) on ADHD medication ≥6 months were administrated questionnaires at amonitoring appointment: Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), beliefs about medicines (BMQ) and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ). Adherencewas high, the mean value was 88% of the maximum MARS score, and correlated positively with the "BMQ necessity-concerns differential" but negatively with "BMQ concerns"and "BMQ-side effects". Adolescents with more belief in the necessity of the medication, less concerns and less experience of side effects tended to be more adherent to medication prescription ("intentional non-adherence"),while "unintentional non-adherence" (forgetfulness) was associated with how much they perceived that their ADHD affected their lives. In a multiple regression model, the variance of MARS total (R2 = 0.21) and “intentional nonadherence” (R2 = 0.24) was explained by the “BMQ-necessity–concern differential” and “BMQ-experienced side effects”. The variance of “unintentional non-adherence” (R2 = 0.12) was explained by the “BMQ-necessity–concern differential” and “B-IPQ-consequences of ADHD”. In conclusion, adolescents on long-term medication reported good adherence, mainly influenced by more beliefs in the necessity versus concerns of the medications, less experienced side effects and more perceived consequences of ADHD. BMQ could be useful to identify risks of low adherence, which should be counteracted by partially gender-specific interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Darmstadt: Steinkopff, 2016
Keyword
ADHD, Adolescents, Medication beliefs, Perception, Treatment adherence
National Category
Nursing Psychiatry
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10203 (URN)10.1007/s00787-016-0919-1 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-12-01 Created: 2016-12-01 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved

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