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Fathers' depressive symptoms in the postnatal period: Prevalence and correlates in a population-based Swedish study
1Department of Research and Development, Region Kronoberg, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9982-8304
Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 44, no 7, 688-694 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and correlates of depression in new fathers. Methods: A population-based sample of 885 Swedish fathers and their partners completed a questionnaire, including the EdinburghPostnatal Depression Scale at three months postpartum. Correlates of depressive symptoms were analysed with univariate andmultiple variable regression models. Results: Symptoms of depression were found in 6.3% of the fathers and 12.0% of themothers, and the point prevalence of major depression in fathers was 1.3%. The strongest correlates of depressive symptoms in fathers were problems in the partner relationship, a low educational level, previous depression, stressful life events and low partner support. The cross-sectional design could affect the magnitude of the results, and causal inferences cannot be made. Conclusions: Although the rate of depressive symptoms is lower in fathers than in mothers at three months postpartum, the associated factors are similar to those found in studies of mothers. The first visits at the childhealth centre could include a discussion with both parents about normal transition problems; balancing work,personal and family needs; and distress. When signs of distress or partner relationship difficulties are picked up,this should be followed up and support interventions offered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Scandinavian University Press , 2016. Vol. 44, no 7, 688-694 p.
Keyword [en]
Fathers, postnatal, depression, distress, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, correlates, Sweden
National Category
Social Psychology
Research subject
Child and Youth studies; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Sociology; SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11832DOI: 10.1177/1403494816661652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11832DiVA: diva2:1160867
Available from: 2017-11-28 Created: 2017-11-28 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved

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