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Dynamic laser piercing of thick section metals
2018 (English)In: Optics and lasers in engineering, Vol. 100, 82-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Before a contour can be laser cut the laser first needs to pierce the material. The time taken to achieve piercing should be minimised to optimise productivity. One important aspect of laser piercing is the reliability of the process because industrial laser cutting machines are programmed for the minimum reliable pierce time. In this work piercing experiments were carried out in 15 mm thick stainless steel sheets comparing a stationary laser and a laser which moves along a circular trajectory with varying processing speeds. Results show that circular piercing can decrease the pierce duration by almost half compared to stationary piercing. High speed imaging (HSI) was employed during the piercing process to understand melt behaviour inside the pierce hole. HSI videos show that circular rotation of the laser beam forces melt to eject in opposite direction of the beam movement, while in stationary piercing the melt ejects less efficiently in random directions out of the hole.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 100, 82-89 p.
Keyword [en]
Laser cutting, laser piercing, reliability, efficiency, fibre laser, high speed imaging
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11763DOI: 10.1016/j.optlaseng.2017.07.012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11763DiVA: diva2:1150945
Note

Validerad; 2017; NivÄ 2; 2017-08-15 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-10-20 Created: 2017-10-20 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved

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