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Fördomsfullhet (modern rasism) och social dominansorientering bland polisstuderande och intagna i fängelse
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Ethnic prejudice and social dominance orientation among police trainee and inmates (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning pekar på att poliser och polisstudenter är mer fördomsfulla mot invandare än normalpopulationen. Forskning om fenomenet bakom fördomsfullhet påvisar att intoleranta personer tenderar att ”dela upp” människor hierarkiskt i grupper s.k. social dominansorientering (SDO). I social dominansteori finns en tes om att poliser tillhör den dominerande överordnade gruppen, medan fängelsepopulationen tillhör den underordnade gruppen. Senare forskning har länkat fördomsfullhet och SDO till personlighetsegenskaper i femfaktormodellen och till de tre mörka dragen (dvs. Machiavellism, subklinisk narcissism och subklinisk psykopati); främst till låga nivåer av faktor välvillighet och öppenhet, samt höga nivåer av Machiavellism. Huvudsyftet (studie 1) var att undersöka skillnader i fördomsfullhet och SDO mellan polisstudenter i slutet av sin utbildning (N = 202) och interner (N = 264), samt att söka samband mellan fördomsfullhet och SDO genom regressionsanalyser i respektive grupp. Oväntat visade en multivariat variansanalys att polisstudenter var mindre fördomsfulla än interner, samt att tesen i social dominansteori kunde förkastas, då polisstuderande var mindre socialt dominanta än interner. SDO predicerade fördomsfullhet i hela urvalet; effekten var signifikant högre hos gruppen interner. En öppnare frågeställning (studie 2) var att med utgångspunkt i en personlighetsapproach undersöka på vilket sätt interner var mer fördomsfulla och socialt dominanta. Multipla regressionsanalyser påvisade att låg välvillighet och hög Machiavellism predicerade fördomsfullhet och SDO hos gruppen interner, vilket kan förklara skillnaderna mellan grupperna.

Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that police officers and police-trainees are more ethnically prejudiced than the average population. Research on the phenomenon of prejudice has revealed that intolerant people tend to “divide” people hierarchically into groups, so-called social dominance orientation (SDO). In social dominance theory there is a thesis that police officers belong to the dominant group, while the prison population belongs to the subordinate group. Later research has linked prejudice and SDO to personality traits in the Five Factor Model and to the Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, subclinical narcissism and subclinical psychopathy), primarily to low levels of factor agreeableness and openness, and high levels of Machiavellianism. The main aim (Study 1) was to examine the differences in prejudice and SDO between police-trainees at the end of their education (N = 202) and inmates (N = 264), as well as investigate relationships between prejudice and SDO through regression analyses in each group. Unexpectedly, a multivariate analysis of variance disclosed that police-trainees were less ethnically prejudiced than inmates, and that the thesis on social dominance theory could be rejected, as police-trainees also were less socially dominant than inmates. SDO predicted prejudice throughout the whole sample; the effect was significantly higher within the groups of inmates. A more open set of questions (Study 2) was to examine, from a personality approach, in which way inmates were more prejudiced and socially dominant. Multiple regression analyses showed that low levels of agreeableness and high levels of Machiavellianism predicted ethnic prejudice and SDO in the group of inmates, which may well explain the difference between the groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
prejudice, SDO, personality, police-trainee, inmate
Keyword [sv]
fördomsfullhet, SDO, personlighet, polisstuderande, intern
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11633Local ID: EXM600OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11633DiVA: diva2:1143721
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Course
Supervisors
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Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-09-22 Last updated: 2017-10-02Bibliographically approved

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