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Ålder, socialt stöd och självrapporterad stress hos poliser
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Age, social support and self-reported stress with police officers (English)
Abstract [sv]

Polisyrket är ett yrke som är utsatt för stressrelaterade problem. I och med höga krav på arbetet skapas det risker för stress att uppkomma. Socialt stöd är en faktor som kan minska stress hos individer då det bidrar till ökat välmående och fungerar som ett skydd mot stress. Föreliggande studie utgick ifrån krav, kontroll och stödmodellen och syftet var att ta reda på hur generell stress hos poliser kunde förklaras av variablerna krav, kontroll och socialt stöd. Syftet var även att undersöka om någon av variablerna kön, ålder eller antal år inom befattning kunde förklara generell stress hos poliserna. För att besvara frågeställningarna valdes en kvantitativ ansats. Frågeformuläret skapades online men gavs även ut i pappersformat på lokala polisstationer. Det var 32 poliser runt om i Västra Götaland som deltog i undersökningen 21 män och 11 kvinnor. Resultatet i föreliggande studie visade ett negativt, mycketstarkt samband mellan socialt stöd och stress. Det indikerade på att när poliserna upplevde mindre socialt stöd så upplevde de mer stress. Ett annat mycket starkt positivt samband fanns mellan krav och stress vilket innebar att när poliserna upplevde höga krav på arbetet upplevde de mer stress. Variablerna kontroll, ålder och antal år inom yrket hade negativa starka samband med stress.

Abstract [en]

The police profession is a profession exposed to stress related problems. Because of high demands at work it creates risks for stress to arise. Social support is a factor which can reduce individuals' stress because it contributes to increased wealth and functions as a protection against stress. The study used the demand, control and support model and the purpose was to find out how general stress with police officers could be explained by the variables demand, control and social support. The purpose was also to investigate if any of the variables gender, age or number of years on work could explain general stress with the police officers. To answer the questions a quantitative approach was chosen. The questionnaire was created online but was also handed out in paper format at local police stations. It was 32 police officers in Västra Götaland who participated in the study, 21 men and 11 women. The result in the study showed a negative strong relationship between social support and stress. This indicated that when police officers experienced less social support they experienced more stress. Another strong positive relationship showed between demand and stress which meant that when police officers experienced high demand at work they experienced more stress. The variables control, age and years within work had strong negative relationships with stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
police officers, stress, demand, control, social support, work
Keywords [sv]
poliser, stress, krav, kontroll, socialt stöd, arbete
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11324Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11324DiVA, id: diva2:1131372
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-14 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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