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En kvantitativ studie över sambandet mellan personlighet och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A quantitative study of the relationship between personality and the desired degree of flexibility in working hours (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning har resulterat i samband mellan personlighetsdragen i FFM, arbetstillfredsställelse samt välbefinnande, vilket skapade ett hypotetiskt antagande att individer med olika personlighet kan föredra olika grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid. Syftet med studien var därför att undersöka om samband fanns mellan personlighet, ålder, kön och vilken arbetsform som föredrogs. Studien utfördes genom enkätundersökningar via Facebook samt på ett medelstort företag i Västsverige (n = 572 varav 115 män och 451 kvinnor i åldrarna 18-69+). Data analyserades genom Spearmans rho. Studiens viktigaste resultat var att det inte fanns några signifikanta samband mellan fyra av personlighetsdragen i FFM, kön, ålder och önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid. Oväntat resultat var att öppenhet visade signifikant samband med önskad grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid. Detta eftersom tidigare studier av sambandet mellan personlighetsdrag och arbetsrelaterade faktorer har visat att öppenhet är det personlighetsdrag som är minst prediktivt (Judge et al., 2002). Resultaten tyder på att vidare studier skulle behöva genomföras för att undersöka vilka faktorer som kan påverka vilken grad av flexibilitet i arbetstid som föredras.

Abstract [en]

Previous research shows that personality traits measured according to the Five Factor Model (which will henceforth be referred to as FFM), are of predictive value for both job satisfaction as well as well-being. This led to the hypothesis that individuals with different personality traits prefer different degrees of flexibility in work hours. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between personality, age as well as gender, and preferred degree of flexibility in working hours. The study was conducted using surveys which were posted on Facebook and in a medium-sized company in western Sweden (n = 572 of whom 115 men and 451 women aged 18-69+). The data was analyzed using Spearman´s rho. The main outcome of the study shows no significant connections between four of the personality traits in FFM, age, gender and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. An unexpected result proved to be a positive correlation between openness to experience and desired degree of flexibility in working hours. Previous studies of connection between work-related factors and traits have indicated that openness to experience was the least predictive trait within the FFM (Judge et al., 2002). Combined, the results of this study indicate that further studies need to be conducted to investigate what factors may affect preferred degree of flexibility in working hours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Five factor model, flexible work hours, fixed work hours, job satisfaction, well-being, mental health
Keyword [sv]
femfaktormodellen, flexibel arbetstid, fast arbetstid, arbets-tillfredsställelse, välmående, psykisk hälsa
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11314Local ID: EXM530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11314DiVA: diva2:1131223
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-14 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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