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Husdjur inom äldrevården: En kvalitativ studie
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Pets in elderly care : a qualitative study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Intresset för djurs hälsofrämjande effekter inom vården kan härledas långt tillbaka i tiden. Forskning kring ämnet fick dock ett uppsving under 1990- talet. Historiskt har djur använts inom vård av bland annat barn men även inom psykiatrin. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilka effekter husdjur har för äldre och personal hos äldreboenden. Kvalitativa intervjuer genomfördes för att samla in material från både boende och personal på ett äldreboende. Antalet informanter var åtta stycken och samtliga var kvinnor. Materialet analyserades och tematiserades. Arbetet genererade följande fyra teman: trygghet, livskvalitet, intersektionalitet och tillit. Resultatet visade att djur inom vården har en positiv effekt, psykologisk och fysisk, på både äldre och personal. Djurets känslomässiga påverkan på människan samt betydelsen av relationen mellan människa och djur blev särskilt tydlig under de intervjuer där djuret var närvarande. De äldre uttryckte att djuret, i detta fall övervägande hundar hade en stor betydelse för dem. Kärleksfulla blickar och ständigt återkommande kommentarer om djuret förstärkte informanternas verbala beskrivning av relationen till djuret. Personalen berättade om de boendes relation till hundarna, bland annat om hur en kvinna med perioder av depressioner och introvert beteende upplevde positiva förändringar tillsammans med hundarna. Kvinnan upplevdes mer lugn, glad och social i hundarnas närhet. Enligt berättelser om djur inom äldrevården är denna typ av reaktion vanlig. Begrepp som upplevelse av lugn, trygghet och kärlek var ständigt återkommande under intervjuerna.

Abstract [en]

Interest in the health benefits of animals in healthcare can be traced far back in time. Research on the subject, however, had a boost during the 1990s. Historically, animals have been used in the care of children, but also in psychiatry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pets on the elderly and staff in a nursing home setting. Qualitative interviews were conducted to collect material from both staff and residents in a retirement home. The number of informants was eight and all were women. The material was analyzed and themed. The work generated the following four themes: security, quality of life, intersectionality and trust. The result showed that animals in health care have a positive effect, psychologically and physically, on both the elderly and the staff. The animal's emotional impact on man and the importance of the relationship between man and animal became particularly clear during the interviews where the animal was present. The elderly expressed that the animal, in this case predominantly dogs, had a great significance for them. Loving views and repeatedly commenting on the animal reinforced the informants' verbal description of their relationship with the animal. The staff talked about the relationship between the residents and the dogs, including a woman with periods of depression and introverted behavior that experienced positive changes with the dogs. The woman felt more calm, happy and social in the proximity of the dogs. According to accounts about animals in healthcare settings this type of reaction is common. Concepts like an experience of peace, security and love were constantly recurring during the interviews.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
pets, nursing home, human animal bond, animal assisted therapy, attachment theory
Keyword [sv]
husdjur, äldreboende, människa djur band, djurassisterad terapi, anknytningsteori
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11122Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11122DiVA: diva2:1119918
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-07 Created: 2017-07-05 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved

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