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Sjuksköterskors attityder och erfarenheter av att arbeta med patienter med en ohälsosam alkoholkonsumtion: En empirisk studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses' attitudes and experiences of working with patients with unhealthy alcohol (English)
Abstract [en]

Background: Every year 3.3 million people die in the world due to harmful use of alcohol. Alcohol is a public health problem in Sweden as well, where one in ten people considered having risky drinking habits. Research shows that excessive alcohol consumption leads to the development of alcohol-related illnesses. Nurses' dialog with patients is important to support them to change unhealthy habits. What experiences have nurses about discussion concerning the patients' drinking habits?

Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate nurses' attitudes to, and experiences of, dialog with patients about their alcohol use habits.

Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with the help of a questionnaire.

Results: Most nurses felt that they have a good knowledge and were secure in their work with patients who have unhealthy alcohol consumption. They asked the patients about their drinking habits and used the AUDIT screening form for mapping unhealthy consumption.

Conclusion: Nurses in specialist psychiatric services have a good knowledge of the causes of alcohol problems and can provide consultative support. Their experience of success helping patients with alcohol problems varies.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Varje år dör 3.3 miljoner människor i världen på grund av skadligt bruk av alkohol. Alkohol är ett folkhälsoproblem i Sverige där också var tionde person anses ha riskabla alkoholvanor. Forskning visar att överkonsumtion av alkohol och utveckling av alkoholrelaterade sjukdomstillstånd har ett samband. Sjuksköterskors samtal med patienter är viktiga för att stödja till att förändra ohälsosamma levnadsvanor. Vilka erfarenheter har sjuksköterskor av att samtala om alkoholvanor?

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sjuksköterskors attityder till och erfarenheter av alkohol samtal.

Metod: En deskriptiv tvärsnittsstudie genomfördes med hjälp av ett frågeformulär.

Resultat: De flesta sjuksköterskor ansåg att de hade en god kunskap och var trygga i sitt arbete med personer med en ohälsosam alkoholkonsumtion. De frågade patienterna om deras alkoholvanor och använde screeningsformuläret AUDIT vid kartläggning och/- eller misstanke om ohälsosam konsumtion.

Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor inom specialistpsykiatrin har goda kunskaper om orsakerna till alkoholproblem och kan ge rådgivande samtal men deras upplevelse av att lyckas hjälpa patienter med alkoholproblematik varierar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcoholscreening, AUDIT, brief intervention, hazardous use of alcohol, substance use disorder of alcohol
Keyword [sv]
Alkoholbrukssyndrom, alkoholscreening, AUDIT, kort intervention, riskbruk av alkohol.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11090Local ID: EXS801OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11090DiVA: diva2:1119703
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Specialist nursing programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-07-07 Created: 2017-07-04 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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Output format
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