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Testing construct independence in the Short Dark Triad using Item Response Theory
Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology, Pedagogy and Sociology. Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy, University of Skövde, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0629-353X
Network for Empowerment and Well-Being, Sweden, Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge, County Council, Karlskrona, Sweden, Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 117, 74-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The Dark Triad (i.e., Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy) is a popular construct for describing socially aversive personality traits. In recent years, the Short Dark Triad (SD3; Jones & Paulhus, 2014) has become a popular measure for assessing the Dark Triad constructs. However, recent research has called the supposed dissimilarity between the Dark Triad constructs into question. In particular, theoretical and empirical evidence suggests that a distinction between Machiavellianism and psychopathy may not be tenable. In order to investigate this issue further, we analyzed the SD3 in a large sample (N = 1983) using Item Response Theory. We establish item response parameter estimates for each Dark Triad construct and further test whether the Dark Triad constructs can be modelled together. Results show that Machiavellianism and narcissism could not be modelled together, but the combinations Machiavellianism and psychopathy, and narcissism and psychopathy, yielded acceptable model fit. The implications of these results are discussed in terms of how the Dark Triad constructs may be interpreted and studied in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 117, 74-80 p.
Keyword [en]
Dark Triad, Machiavellianism, Narcissism, Psychopathy, Item Response, Theory
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-11031DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.05.025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-11031DiVA: diva2:1112459
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-20 Last updated: 2017-06-20Bibliographically approved

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