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Who gets ahead in life?: Personality traits and childhood background in economic success
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden and Univ Skovde, Dept Cognit Neurosci, Skovde, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Dept Psychol, POB 500, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 59, 164-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many societies around the world, the ideal is that anyone can achieve a successful life independent of family background. An indication of such social mobility could be that personality characteristics have stronger impact than childhood background on economic success. The present study investigated how much of life outcomes (i.e., educational attainment, annual income, and life outcome satisfaction) were accounted for by adult personality traits (the Big Five), when controlled for childhood socio-economic status (SES). The results from a large, representative Swedish sample (N = 5280) showed that personality traits (especially neuroticism) were associated as much as or more than childhood SES to annual income and life outcome satisfaction, whereas childhood SES related more to educational attainment. These results may help facilitate our understanding of the mechanisms behind individual economic success. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2017. Vol. 59, 164-170 p.
Keyword [en]
Personality; Socio-economic status; Life satisfaction; Childhood background
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10959DOI: 10.1016/j.joep.2017.03.004ISI: 000400232000011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10959DiVA: diva2:1098944
Available from: 2017-05-29 Created: 2017-05-29 Last updated: 2017-05-29Bibliographically approved

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