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Strategies for healthcare professionals to facilitate patient illness understanding.
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5219-6031
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3593-4511
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8291-7223
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - undergraduate level.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2793-9937
2017 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe how healthcare professionals facilitate patient illness understanding.

BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals and patients differ in their illness understanding. If the information provided by healthcare professionals is not adapted to the patient's daily life it may be unusable for the patient. Previous research has found that healthcare professionals should individualise the information to enable the patient to apply the knowledge to the personal situation and to develop illness understanding. However, little is known of how healthcare professionals can facilitate patient illness understanding.

METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study based on individual, semi-structured, open-ended and face-to-face interviews was conducted with healthcare professionals (n=11) concerning how they facilitate patients illness understanding. Three health centres were involved during the period of March to November 2014. The interviews were analysed with qualitative content analysis.

RESULTS: The result identified a continuous and collaborative process with three strategies used by healthcare professionals to facilitate the patient's illness understanding: 1) assess the patient's illness understanding, 2) interact with the patient to develop illness understanding, and 3) support the patient's personal development for illness understanding. The steps in the process depend on each other.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of our analysis indicate that healthcare professionals can use the continuous and collaborative process to enhance the patient's self-care ability and turn his or her knowledge into action for improving illness understanding.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The three continuous and collaborative process strategies involving pedagogical approaches can create conditions for healthcare professionals to obtain a holistic view of the patient's life and to be a key resource for person-centred care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Facilitate, healthcare professionals, illness understanding, individual care plan, patient, pedagogical approach, person-centred care, strategies
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10900DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13820PubMedID: 28334458OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10900DiVA: diva2:1091224
Note

Online 23 March 2017

Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-04-26Bibliographically approved

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Nunstedt, HåkanRudolfsson, GudrunAlsén, PiaPennbrant, Sandra
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