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Internet och föräldrabarnrelationen: En kvantitativ studie om föräldrars Internetvanor, PSE och anknytning till barnet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Internet and the parent-child-relationship : A quantitative study about parent’s Internet habits, parenthood and attachment to the child (English)
Abstract [sv]

Då Internetanvändningen i Sverige ökar varje år (Davidsson & Findahl, 2016) är det aktuellt att undersöka huruvida föräldrars Internetvanor har inverkan på föräldrabarnrelationen. Anknytningen är en viktig grundsten i människans utveckling (Bandura, 1997) och det är av intresse att undersöka eventuella konsekvenser på såväl samhälls- som individnivå. Denna studie utfördes i syfte att granska om föräldrars Internetvanor relaterade till hens upplevda relation och närhet till barnet (1-6 år) och hens tilltro till föräldraskapet (PSE). Studien var av kvantitativ design och enkäter delades ut till föräldrar. Deltagarna var 36 stycken, varav 24 var kvinnor och 11 var män. Medelåldern var 34.4 (SD = 5.7). Undersökningen bestod av de validerade mätinstrumenten Mother to infant relation and feelings-scale som mätte den upplevda relationen och närheten till barnet samt Tool to Measure Parenting Self-efficacy-scale som mätte PSE. Enkäten innehöll även egenkonstruerade frågor om Internetvanor. Data var icke normalfördelad och analyserades utifrån Spearman’s korrelationsanalys. I enlighet med Davidsson och Findahls rapport (2016) visades via frekvenstabeller att föräldrarna i snitt använder Internet 0-2 timmar om dagen i hemmet. Anknytningen, känslan av stark relation och närhet till barnet, och PSE relaterade positivt till varandra. Ett resultat i föreliggande studie var att PSE korrelerade negativt med tiden spenderad vid Internet. Detta var i författarnas vetskap ett nytt fynd inom forskningsområdet. Slutsatsen var att eftersom Internetanvändningen är en rådande och växande vana hos Sveriges befolkning bör kunskapen om dess inverkan på föräldrars PSE utvidgas. Detta för att inte riskera fostra barn under dåliga anknytnings-förhållanden.

Abstract [en]

Since the Internet use in Sweden is increasing every year (Davidsson & Findahl, 2016), it is current to examine whether parents' Internet habits have an impact on the parent-child-relationship. Attachment is an important cornerstone of human development (Bandura, 1997) and it is of importance to explore possible consequences on both social and individual levels. This study was made in order to examine whether parents' Internet habits are related to his or her perceived relationship and closeness to the child (1-6 years) and his or her parental self-efficacy (PSE). The study was of a quantitative design and questionnaires were distributed to parents. There were 36 participants, 24 women and 11 males. Average age was 34.4 (SD = 5.7). The study consisted of the validated Mother to infant relation and feelings-scale, measuring the perceived relationship and closeness to the child, and Tool to Measure Parenting Self-efficacy-scale which measured PSE. The questionnaire also consisted self-constructed questions about Internet habits. Data weren’t normally distributed, hence the analyze were made by Spearman's correlation analysis. As mentioned in Davidsson and Findahls report (2016), parents use Internet 0-2 hours a day at home wich were presented by frequency tables. The attachment, the feeling of a strong relationship and closeness to the child, related positively to PSE. One of the findings in this study was that time spent on the Internet correlated negatively with PSE. This was in the authors' knowledge A new finding within the research field. The conclusion is that since Internet use is a current and growing habit of Sweden's population, the knowledge of its impact on parent’s PSE should be expanded. This is to avoid the risk of children being raised in poor attachment relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Attachment theory, parental self-efficacy, closeness, Internet
Keyword [sv]
Anknytningsteorin, parental self-efficacy, närhet, Internet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10705Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10705DiVA: diva2:1074359
Subject / course
Psychology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-20 Created: 2017-02-15 Last updated: 2017-02-20Bibliographically approved

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