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Upplevd stress hos vård- och omsorgspersonal: En sambandsstudie om upplevd stress och personlighet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Perceived work related stress of care workers : A correlation analysis on perceived stress and personality (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning visar att omsorgspersonal löper generellt högre risk för ohälsosam arbetsrelaterad stress till följd av kravfyllda och ofta känslomässiga relationer till klienterna de jobbar med (Maslach & Schaufeli, 1993). En enkätundersökning med 155 deltagare som arbetar inom vård och omsorg genomfördes med syfte att besvara följande frågeställningar: Kan man predicera graden av upplevd stress utifrån personlighetstyperna extraversion, neuroticism och öppenhet för nya erfarenheter? Finns det någon skillnad mellan olika anställningsformer när det gäller graden av upplevd stress? Finns det någon skillnad mellan antalet år inom aktuell befattning och graden av upplevd stress? De väl etablerade instrument som användes var Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) vilken mäter upplevd stress hos individer samt personlighetstestet Mini-IPIP6. Data analyserades med hjälp av multipel regression, Mann-Whitney U test samt oberoende t-test. Resultaten visade i linje med tidigare forskning, ett statistiskt signifikant negativt samband mellan variablerna stress och extraversion fanns samt ett statistiskt signifikant positivt samband mellan stress och neuroticism, dock påvisades inget statistiskt signifikant samband mellan stress och öppenhet. Beträffande anställningsform visade resultatet en signifikant skillnad där tillsvidareanställda upplevde en lägre stressnivå än de med andra anställningsformer. Antal år inom aktuell befattning visade dock inte på någon signifikant skillnad beträffande den upplevda stressen och ingen tidigare forskning hittades heller på området.

Abstract [en]

Previous research shows that care workers are at a generally higher risk of unhealthy work related stress as a result of the demanding and often emotional client relationships (Maslach & Schaufeli, 1993). A survey with 155 participants working in health care was conducted in order to answer the following questions: Can you predict the degree of perceived stress based on the personality items extraversion, neuroticism and openness to new experiences? Is there any difference between different types of employment when it comes to the degree of perceived stress? Is there any difference between groups with different amount of working years when it comes to the degree of perceived stress? The well-established instrument used was the Perceived Stress Scale 10 item (PSS-10) and the personality test Mini-IPIP6. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis, the Mann-Whitney U test and independent T-test. The results showed, in line with previous research, a statistically significant negative relationship between the variables stress and extraversion and a statistically significant positive relationship between stress and neuroticism, however, the study demonstrated no statistically significant relationship between the variables stress and openness. Regarding employment status, results showed a significant difference where permanent employees experienced a lower level of stress than those with other forms of employment. The number of years in current position did not show any significant difference in perceived stress and no previous research was neither found in the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
Personality, stress, extraversion, neuroticism, openness
Keyword [sv]
Personlighet, stress, extraversion, neuroticism, öppenhet
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10643Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10643DiVA: diva2:1071097
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Psykologi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-02-03Bibliographically approved

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