Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Personality and trait aggression profiles of male and female prison inmates
CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health), University of Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Tetouan, Morocco.
Center for Well-being Washington University, School of Medicine in St. Louis, MO, USA.
CELAM (Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health), University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

Gender specific personality profiles in association with the level of aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders have not been previously investigated. In the present study we analyzed data collected from 65 male and 50 female offenders using structured protocols regarding criminal history (by criminal register data), trait aggression (by the Life History of Aggression (LHA) questionnaire), and personality profiles (by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)). Prison inmates differed significantly on several personality dimensions, most pronouncedly were they characterized with low character maturity (low scores in the Self-Directedness and Cooperativeness dimensions of TCI) when compared to gender and age matched controls of the general population. The majority of offenders scored distinctively high on trait aggression. There were moderate to strong associations between the personality dimensions and each of the subscales of LHA (Aggression, Self-directed Aggression and Antisocial behavior). These associations were stronger in the female offender sample. Trait aggression could be best explained by a model, which included male gender, younger age, high novelty seeking temperament and low character maturity. Our results suggest that therapies aiming at strengthening self-governance and increasing cooperativeness (focusing on character maturity) may alleviate aggressive antisocial behavior in offenders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Personality; prison; females; males;
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10424DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.12.018OAI: diva2:1060588

Accepted manuscripts are Articles in Press that have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by the Editorial Board of this publication. They have not yet been copy edited and/or formatted in the publication house style, and may not yet have the full ScienceDirect functionality, e.g., supplementary files may still need to be added, links to references may not resolve yet etc. The text could still change before final publication.

Although accepted manuscripts do not have all bibliographic details available yet, they can already be cited using the year of online publication and the DOI, as follows: author(s), article title, Publication (year), DOI. Please consult the journal's reference style for the exact appearance of these elements, abbreviation of journal names and use of punctuation.

When the final article is assigned to volumes/issues of the Publication, the Article in Press version will be removed and the final version will appear in the associated published volumes/issues of the Publication. The date the article was first made available online will be carried over.

Available from: 2016-12-29 Created: 2016-12-29 Last updated: 2016-12-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textAccepted manuskript

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kerekes, Nora
By organisation
Section for health promotion and care sciences
In the same journal
Psychiatry Research

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 2 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link