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Puberty Predicts Approach But Not Avoidance on the Iowa Gambling Task in a Multinational Sample
Temple University.
Temple University and King Abdulaziz University.
Temple University.
Brock University.
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

According to the dual systems model of adolescent risk taking, sensation seeking and impulse control follow different developmental trajectories across adolescence and are governed by two different brain systems. The authors tested whether different underlying processes also drive age differences in reward approach and cost avoidance. Using a modified Iowa Gambling Task in a multinational, cross-sectional sample of 3,234 adolescents (ages 9-17; M = 12.87, SD = 2.36), pubertal maturation, but not age, predicted reward approach, mediated through higher sensation seeking. In contrast, age, but not pubertal maturation, predicted increased cost avoidance, mediated through greater impulse control. These findings add to evidence that adolescent behavior is best understood as the product of two interacting, but independently developing, brain systems. © 2016 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent; adolescent behavior; avoidance behavior; brain; child; gambling; high risk behavior; human; Iowa; major clinical study; maturation; model; puberty; reward; school child; sensation seeking
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10354DOI: 10.1111/cdev.12655Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84998693295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10354DiVA: diva2:1058113
Available from: 2016-12-20 Created: 2016-12-20 Last updated: 2016-12-22Bibliographically approved

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