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Effect of chromium and aluminum addition on anisotropic and microstructural characteristics of ball milled nanocrystalline iron
IITB-Monash Research Academy, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India.
International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Hyderabad, India.
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Monash University, VIC 3800 Australia.
Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, E-ISSN 1873-4669, Vol. 671, 164-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Prior studies on synthesis of nanocrystalline elements have discussed the effect of ball milling on lattice parameter, crystallite size, and micro-strain. For elemental milled powders, the anisotropic peak broadening does not change with increasing milling time. However, the effect of alloying addition on the anisotropic behavior of ball milled nanocrystalline powders remains an unexplored area. Here we report the effect of chromium and aluminum addition on the anisotropic behavior of iron in nanocrystalline Fe–20Cr–5Al (wt%) alloy powders synthesized by ball milling. The experimental results show that the anisotropic behavior of iron changes towards isotropic with milling. This change was also correlated to the theoretically calculated anisotropic factor from the change in elastic constant of iron due to milling. Addition of alloying elements exhibited a monotonic rise in the lattice parameter with crystallite size, which was attributed to the excess grain boundary interfacial energy and excess free volume at grain boundaries. Transmission electron microscopy image confirmed the crystallite size and nature of dislocation obtained using modified Williamson-Hall method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 671, 164-169 p.
Keyword [en]
Mechanical alloying, X-ray diffraction, nanocrystalline materials, anisotropic behavior, dislocation density, lattice parameter
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Research subject
ENGINEERING, Manufacturing and materials engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10321DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.02.096OAI: diva2:1057201
Available from: 2016-12-16 Created: 2016-12-16 Last updated: 2016-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Joshi, Shrikant
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Research Enviroment Production Technology West
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