Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: Signs of adjustment to the situation?
School of Education and Environment, Kristianstad University, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Kristianstad University, Building 14, SE-291 88 Kristianstad, Sweden.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8562-5610
2017 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, 237-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 107, 237-245 p.
Keyword [en]
Prisoners; Five factor personality model; Conscientiousness; Adjustment; Sweden
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-10264DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.030ISI: 000392775500035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-10264DiVA: diva2:1055641
Available from: 2016-12-13 Created: 2016-12-13 Last updated: 2017-04-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Dåderman, Anna Maria
By organisation
Psychology and organization studies
In the same journal
Personality and Individual Differences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 461 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf