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En kvantitativ studie om den psykosociala arbetsmiljön hos anställda inom äldreomsorgen
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Psychology and organization studies.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A quantitative study on the psychosocial work environment of employees in homecare (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tidigare forskning har visat att sjukskrivningar tenderar till att ständigt öka och visat ett samband med den psykosociala arbetsmiljön. Syftet med studien var att undersöka sambandet mellan variablerna stress, krav, kontroll, stöd och sjukskrivningsdagar hos anställda inom äldreomsorgen. I studien deltog totalt 37 stycken informanter, 22 Kvinnor och 15 män. Medelåldern var 44 år (SD=14,6). Urvalet av informanter skedde genom att en enhetschef över ett kommunalt hemtjänstlag i Västsverige kontaktades via mail om att genomföra en undersökning om psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos medarbetarna. För att mäta vårdpersonalens upplevda nivå av stress användes svenska översättningar av enkäterna Percieved stress scale (PSS) och The swedish demand-controll-support questionnaire (DCSQ). I studien genomfördes korrelationsanalys, standard multipel regressionsanalys samt oberoende t-test. Resultaten visade att krav var den variabel med högst förklaringsvärde och statistisk signifikans och kunde predicera stress. Ingen av de tre variablerna krav, kontroll eller stöd kunde predicera sjukskrivningsdagar. Resultaten visade även statistiska signifikanta skillnader mellan män och kvinnor gällande variablerna krav och stress. Kvinnor var den grupp som tenderade till att känna sig mer stressade än män och upplevde även en högre nivå av krav i sitt arbete.

Abstract [en]

Previous research has shown that sickdays tends to constantly increase and has shown be linked to psychosocial work environment. The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between the variables of stress, demands, control, support and sickdays for employees in homecare. In the study a total of 37 informants participated, 22 women and 15 men. The average age was 44 years (SD = 14.6). The selection of informants was done by a head of one homecare team in western Sweden who was contacted by mail with the purpose to conduct a study on the psychosocial working environment of the employees. To measure the homecare employees’ perceived level of Stress, the Swedish translations of perceived stress scale (PSS) and the Swedish demand controll support questionnaire (DCSQ) were used. The study was conducted using correlation analysis, standard multiple regression analysis, and independent t-test. The results showed that demand was the variable with the highest explanatory value and statistical significance predicting stress. None of the three variables demand, control, or support could predict sickdays. The results showed statistically significant differences between men and women regarding the variables demand and stress. Women were the group that tended to feel more stressed than men and experienced a higher level of demand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Work environment, stress, demands, control, support, sickdays, homecare
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsmiljö, stress, krav, kontroll, stöd, sjukskrivning, äldreomsorg, hemtjänst
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-9980Local ID: EXM500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-9980DiVA: diva2:1034152
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalekonomi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-11 Last updated: 2016-10-12Bibliographically approved

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