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Beliefs in dualism and personal values
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för individ och samhälle, Avdelningen för psykologi, pedagogik och organisationsstudier.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1673-6288
2015 (engelsk)Konferansepaper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Dualists view mind and body as two fundamentally different kinds of “things”. Mind and the physical body are viewed as equally real and neither of them is, in a primal way, thought to be dependent on the other. Cartesian or “substance” dualism include the idea that mind and body belong to two different substances, the non-physical and the physical. These two substances are furthermore thought to influence each other causally. Physicalism, on the other hand, is the notion that everything is physical or totally dependent of and determined by physical items. In this view everything in the world is composed by the same kind of substance, which is physical or material. All mental states are hence fundamentally physical states. In the current study Swedish university students views on the mind-body relationship as well as the importance they attached to different personal values were measured using a self-report inventory. Students that attached more importance to the power value; that is to strive for social status and prestige, and control or dominance over people and resources, were found to hold stronger non-dualistic or physicalistic views on the mind-body relationship. If similar results in future studies of professional philosophers should be found it would challenge the idea that philosophical arguments and opinions is something “above” or “are unaffected by” psychological factors such as personal values.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015.
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-8652OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-8652DiVA, id: diva2:869074
Konferanse
Toward a Science of Consciousness 2015, Helsingfors, Finland, 9 – 12 juni 2015
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-12 Laget: 2015-11-12 Sist oppdatert: 2016-11-21bibliografisk kontrollert

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