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Icke-farmakologiska metoder för att lindra postoperativ och procedurrelaterad smärta hos små barn
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på grundnivå.
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för vårdvetenskap på grundnivå.
2014 (Svenska)Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)Alternativ titel
Non-pharmacological methods to relieve postoperative and procedural pain in children (Engelska)
Abstract [en]

Background:

Non-pharmacological methods refer to a variety of methods that does not involve the use of drugs but makes the pain more tolerable and makes the child feel more in control. Children and pain has for long been diminished and not enough research has been conducted to find better methods to relieve the common postoperative and procedural pain among children. There is lacking knowledge among nurses about non-pharmacological methods that relieve pain in children. The child’s experience of health care and nurses can be negative by not relieving there pain.

Aim:

The aim was to explore the non-pharmacological methods used to relieve postoperative and procedural pain in children, aged 0-5 years.

Method:

A literature review was conducted, based on both qualitative and quantitative research. Eleven studies were analysed, critically reviewed and the results were compiled into five categories.

Results:

The five categories were distraction, breastfeeding and breast milk, sensory stimulation, pacifier and sucrose and water. The result shows that some non-pharmacological methods are effective in relieving postoperative and procedural pain. Breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier were most effective on infants. Parental attendances were also important for the children, all ages to make them feel more secure and safe.

Conclusion:

The results showed that distraction methods used on children aged 4-5 years, studied in this literary review, were ineffective. The results showed that non-pharmacological methods such as breastfeeding and a combination of sucrose and pacifier are effective in relieving pain in infants and new-borns

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2014. , s. 19
Nyckelord [en]
child, distraction, nursing, pain relief, pain treatment
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-6158Lokalt ID: EXO500OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-6158DiVA, id: diva2:713197
Ämne / kurs
Omvårdnad
Utbildningsprogram
Sjuksköterskeprogrammet
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2014-04-23 Skapad: 2014-04-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-04-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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