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Northern European Adolescent Attitudes Toward Dating Violence
Coventry University.
Coventry University.
University of Erlangen.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies, Division of Psychology and Organisation Studies. (BUV)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3328-6538
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2013 (English)In: Violence and Victims, ISSN 0886-6708, E-ISSN 1945-7073, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 619-634Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A focus group methodology was used to examine attitudes toward dating violence among 86 adolescents (aged 12-17) from four northern European countries (England, Sweden, Germany, and Belgium). Four superordinate themes were identified from thematic analyses: gender identities, television as the educator, perceived acceptability of dating violence, and the decision to seek help/tell someone. Although violence in relationships was generally not condoned, when violence was used by females, was unintended (despite its consequences), or was in retaliation for infidelity, violence was perceived as acceptable. Adolescents indicated that their views were stereotypical and based solely on stereotypical television portrayals of violence in relationships. Stereotypical beliefs and portrayals generate barriers for victimized males to seek help because of fear of embarrassment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 28, no 4, p. 619-634
Keywords [en]
adolescence, dating violence, attitudes; Europe
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
SOCIAL SCIENCE, Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-5658DOI: 10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-12-0009ISI: 000322548400004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-5658DiVA, id: diva2:658170
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2021-02-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Violence in Close Relationships, Sexual Risk taking, and Help-seeking among Young Men
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violence in Close Relationships, Sexual Risk taking, and Help-seeking among Young Men
2020 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 In close relationships and through sexual intimacy, most adolescents and young adults have opportunities to develop the ability to experience emo-tional intimacy and trust. This thesis focuses on problematic phenomena that can occur in these situations. Study I addressed limitations in the literature on dating violence concerning prevalence rates, dynamic risk factors, and the effectiveness of intervention programs. The results showed that preva-lence ratings of physical dating violence ranged between 10% and 20%, and that psychological/emotional violence is the most frequently experienced type of abuse. Peer influence was found to be an important risk factor for dating violence. Interventions were found to have short-term positive effects on behavioral change. In Study II, 88 adolescents participated in focus group sessions. The aim was to determine the extent to which a universal set of themes about dating violence could represent adolescents’ attitudes, as part of a study across four European countries. The study identified four superor-dinate themes: gender roles, television as an educator, perceived severity, and the decision to seek help. Study III, concerning sexual risk-taking, in-volved a survey of young men (N=452) who were testing for sexually trans-mitted infections (STIs). Results revealed that the young men had a relative-ly high average number of partners (3.8) with whom they had had unprotect-ed sex i.e., they had done so at some point in the past. In addition, almost a fifth of them were reluctant to use a condom due to erection difficulties. A relatively high proportion had been subjected to sexual coercion (14.7%). Study IV explored 30 young men’s descriptions of how members of their social networks had influenced them to seek psychological help. Results showed that young men were influenced by their networks mainly through exhortation and drawing attention to their needs. Friends who were role models were especially influential in helping them overcome obstructive masculinity norms and move from reluctance toward more constructive atti-tudes regarding help-seeking. This thesis focuses on young men’s experi-ences with relationship violence, as well as their sexual and psychological health needs, all of which have clinical implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2020. p. 83
Series
Avhandling/Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska inst, ISSN 1101-718X
Keywords
dating violence, young men, sexual risk-taking, social network, help-seeking
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Child and Youth studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-16275 (URN)978-91-8009-077-3 (ISBN)978-91-8009-076-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
(Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2021-02-10 Created: 2021-02-10 Last updated: 2021-02-10Bibliographically approved

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Sorbring, EmmaHelsing, Bo

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