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Sense of coherence and self-reported health among Roma people in Sweden: a pilot study
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa och kultur. (LINA)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0535-2059
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik. (LINA)
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 1239-9736, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 71, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The Roma people have been known in Europe for a 1000 years, during which they have usually been the subject of discrimination and oppression leading to isolation, powerlessness and poor health. The objective of this study is to investigate the sense of coherence (SOC) in relation to self-reported health among a group of Roma people in southwest Sweden.

STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional, quantitative pilot study.

METHODS: A questionnaire was constructed based on the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Antonovsky's Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) and was distributed among Roma people in southwest Sweden (n =102). Self-reported health was summarised in a physical score (PCS) and a mental score (MCS). Comparisons were made with a general Swedish majority population and a Sami population.

RESULTS: The health scores were significantly lower among the Roma people compared to Swedes - PCS: Roma 46.0 (Swedes 52.0) and MCS: Roma 47.5 (Swedes 52.6). The SOC score for the Roma people (54.4) was significantly lower than that of the Swedes (65.2) and Sami (65.0).

CONCLUSIONS: The low SOC with the Swedish majority society is a strong indication of the marginalisation and exclusion of the Roma people from mainstream society. Low scores in self-reported health among the Roma people also establishes the serious health risks the Roma people are experiencing through their present life situation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 71, s. 1-6
Nyckelord [en]
Roma people, SOC, sense of coherence, health, Sweden, discrimination
Nationell ämneskategori
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi
Forskningsämne
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Folkhälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-4530DOI: 10.3402/ijch.v71i0.18438ISI: 000308232300005PubMedID: 22584516Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84866767244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-4530DiVA, id: diva2:542572
Tillgänglig från: 2012-08-02 Skapad: 2012-08-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-31Bibliografiskt granskad

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Hassler, SvenEklund Karlsson, Leena

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Avd för hälsa och kulturAvd för hälsa, kultur och pedagogik
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International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi

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