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The influence of personality traits on reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease: An Epidemiological study in West Sweden
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för specialistsjuksköterskeutbildning.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5493-8334
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för omvårdnad, hälsa och kultur, Avd för specialistsjuksköterskeutbildning.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7804-0342
University of Gothenburg, Department of Psychology.
University of Gothenburg, Krefting Research Centre, Internal Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Limited research exists exploring the influence of personality on adherence behaviour. Since non-adherence is a major obstacle in treating prevalent chronic diseases the aim was to determine whether personality traits are related to reported adherence to medication in individuals with chronic disease. Methodology/Principal Findings: Individuals with chronic disease (n = 749) were identified in a random population sample of 5000 inhabitants aged 30-70 in two municipalities in West Sweden. Data on five personality traits, Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to experiences, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness, and medication adherence behaviour was collected by questionnaires. Statistical analyses resulted in a negative relationship between Neuroticism and medication adherence (P<0.001), while both Agreeableness (P<0.001) and Conscientiousness (P<0.001) were positively related to adherence. At high levels of Conscientiousness, low adherence was related to higher scores in Neuroticism. At high levels of Agreeableness, low adherence was related to low scores in Conscientiousness and high scores in Openness to experiences. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that multiple personality traits are of significant importance for adherence behaviour in individuals with chronic disease. The findings suggest that several personality traits may interact in influencing adherence behaviour. Personality traits could putatively be used to focus efforts to educate and support patients with high risk of low medical adherence. © 2011 Axelsson et al.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2011. Vol. 6, nr 3
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad
Forskningsämne
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3305DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018241ISBN: 19326203 (ISSN) (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-3305DiVA, id: diva2:413545
Tillgänglig från: 2011-04-28 Skapad: 2011-04-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-10-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Personality and adherence to medication treatment
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Personality and adherence to medication treatment
2011 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Striving for improved adherence to medication treatment is of vital concern, as low adherence is a major obstacle in treating many prevalent chronic diseases. Several factors have been identified that seem to influence adherence behaviour, but limited research exists on the significance of personality for adherence to medication treatment. According to the Five-Factor Model (FFM), personality can be described in terms of five broad personality traits: Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness to experience, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. Reports on health-related quality of life (HRQL), asthma control and selfefficacy may also be influenced by personality. Therefore, the overall aim of the present research project was to explore the significance of personality traits in relation to adherence to medication treatment and asthma control, health-related quality of life and self-efficacy. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Göteborg: Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, 2011. s. 65
Nyckelord
Five-factor model, personality traits, medication adherence, chronic disease
Nationell ämneskategori
Omvårdnad Lungmedicin och allergi
Forskningsämne
VÅRD- OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP, Vårdvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-3846 (URN)9789162883218 (ISBN)
Disputation
2011-09-16, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2012-01-02 Skapad: 2011-11-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-19Bibliografiskt granskad

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