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The Effects of R&D on Regional Invention and Innovation
Högskolan Väst, Institutionen för ekonomi och it, Avd för juridik, politik och ekonomi.
Lund University.
2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Uddevalla Symposium 2008: Spatial Dispersed Production and Network Governance : Revised papers presented at the 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May, 2008, Kyoto, Japan  / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: University West , 2008, s. 263-282Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the effects of regional R&D on patenting for Sweden within an accessibility framework. We use two measures of patenting: number of patents granted per capita and a composite of quality-adjusted patents which we regard as an innovation indicator, respectively. Three conclusions emerge. First, we find that the specification where innovations per capita is used as a dependent variable performs much better than with granted patents per capita for capturing relationships with regional R&D. In fact, quantile regressions over the distribution of different patenting and innovation levels per capita show that R&D efforts within regions affect innovations per capita positively, except for the regions with the lowest levels of R&D. The effetcs on granted patents per capita are less robust and depend inconsistently on the level of R&D. Secondly, accessibility to inter-regional R&D do not affect innovation significantly in our results, which suggests that effects are locally bounded. This implies that studies of the R&D-innovation relationship are plagued by misspecification, since studies tend to show that R&D-effects diffuse to other regions. This is also the case in our study: the inter-regional effects are an important factor for granted patents. Third, the share of university R&D of all regional R&D has no effect on patenting, which suggests that the two types of R&D are substitutes. In view of these results the redommendation must be to use quality-adjusted patents for regional innovation studies rather than patent grants.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Trollhättan: University West , 2008. s. 263-282
Serie
Forskningsrapport / Högskolan Väst , ISSN 1653-7831 ; 2008:03
Nyckelord [en]
R&D, patenting, innovations, regions, spatial dependence
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi
Forskningsämne
SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP, Nationalekonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-2943OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-2943DiVA, id: diva2:379211
Konferens
The 11th Uddevalla Symposium, 15-17 May 2008, Kyoto, Japan
Tillgänglig från: 2010-12-17 Skapad: 2010-12-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-12-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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