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A Qualitative Evaluation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Short Form of the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) in Nepal
Department of Nursing and Reproductive, Perinatal and Sexual Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Skövde, PO Box 408, 541 28 Skövde (SWE).
School of Public Health, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, GPO Box 26500, Lalitpur (NPL).
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. (LOVHH KAMAIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2261-0112
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Box 1026, 551 11 Jönköping (SWE); 5 Department of Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, PO Box 4, 0130 Oslo (NOR). (LOVHH KAMAIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7669-4702
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2023 (English)In: Kathmandu University Medical Journal, ISSN 1812-2027, E-ISSN 1812-2078, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 112-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Sense of Coherence (SOC) relates to an individual’s overall life orientation, and stronger SOC is associated with better health, quality of life, and coping strategies. When our research group used the SOC-13 questionnaire for the first time in Nepal, we identified difficulties in response patterns. The findings necessitated further evaluation of the Nepali version of the SOC-13 questionnaire.

Objective

To qualitatively evaluate the SOC-13 questionnaire in Nepali for cross-cultural adaptation.MethodNineteen nurses were interviewed. We used the methodological approach of “think aloud” to obtain a deeper understanding of the interferences of the scales. Transcribed materials were analyzed using a deductive approach through qualitative content analysis. The original translated version of the SOC-13 questionnaire in Nepali was modified by replacing words that were easier to understand.

Result

Participants found the questionnaire content general and non-specific but easy to complete. The nurses experienced that the meanings and sentences in some of the items and response alternatives were difficult to understand. However, the overall comprehensiveness of most items and response alternatives was perceived as good. Nurses’ interpretation of the SOC-items in the translated version of the SOC-13 questionnaire in Nepali matched the original English version. Items that were experienced as difficult in the Nepali language were modified to increase their comprehensiveness. Modified items and response alternatives had the same content as before, but some words and meanings were substituted with easier language.

Conclusion

The current revised version of SOC-13 in Nepali is valid and useful to explore individuals’ overall life orientation and their abilities to deal and cope with various life events in the Nepalese context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 21, no 2, p. 112-117
Keywords [en]
Health resources, Qualitative validation, Resources, Ralutogenesis, Sense of coherence
National Category
Nursing Learning
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning; NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21215Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85169839017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-21215DiVA, id: diva2:1829426
Available from: 2024-01-19 Created: 2024-01-19 Last updated: 2024-04-09

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Ekström-Bergström, AnetteAreskoug Josefsson, Kristina

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CiteExportLink to record
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