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Meaning of wellness in caring science based on Rodgers's evolutionary concept analysis
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. (LOVHH KAMAIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3452-3761
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for nursing - graduate level. (LOVHH KAMAIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2261-0112
School of Health and Welfare Halmstad University Halmstad (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5647-086X
School of Health and Welfare Halmstad University Halmstad (SWE).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9753-0988
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2023 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Wellness is a holistic, multidimensional, and process-oriented property on a continuum. It has been used interchangeably with and is undifferentiated from concepts such as health and well-being without an in-depth clarification of its theoretical foundations and a reflection on its meaning. The concept of wellness is frequently used, but its definition remains unclear.

Aim

To conceptually and theoretically explore the concept of wellness to contribute to a deeper understanding in caring science.

Method

Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis was applied to the theoretical investigation of data from publications of international origins. The focus was on antecedents, attributes, consequences, surrogate and related terms, and contextual references. A literature search was performed through a manual review of reference lists and an online search in CINAHL and PubMed via EBSCO, and in ProQuest. Abstracts were examined to identify relevant studies for further review. The inclusion criteria were peer-reviewed papers in English; papers published in scientific journals using the surrogate terms ‘wellness’, ‘health’, ‘health care’, and ‘health care and wellness’; and papers discussing and/or defining the concept of wellness. Twenty-six studies met the inclusion criteria.

Results

Based on the findings from this concept analysis, a definition of wellness was developed: ‘a holistic and multidimensional concept represented on a continuum of being well that goes beyond health’. Implications for nursing practice were correspondingly presented.

Conclusion

Wellness is defined as a holistic and comprehensive multidimensional concept represented on a continuum of being well, that goes beyond health. It calls attention by applying the salutogenic perspective to health promotion in caring science. It is strongly related to individual lifestyle and health behaviour and is frequently used interchangeably with health and well-being without an in-depth clarification of its theoretical foundation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. p. 1-15
Keywords [en]
caring science, health, health care, literature review, Rodgers' concept analysis, well- being, wellness
National Category
Nursing Learning
Research subject
NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCE, Nursing science; Work Integrated Learning; Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-21044DOI: 10.1111/scs.13196ISI: 001039595100001001039595100001PubMedID: 37507842Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85166424951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-21044DiVA, id: diva2:1815891
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CC BY

Available from: 2023-11-30 Created: 2023-11-30 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, MonicaEkström-Bergström, AnetteRoxberg, Åsa

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Section for health promotion and care sciencesSection for nursing - graduate level
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