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Patienters upplevelser av egenvård vid diabetes typ 2: En litteraturbaserad studie
University West, Department of Health Sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Patients experience of self- care in diabetes type 2 : A literature-based study (English)
Abstract [en]

Background

Diabetes type 2 is a public health problem that has increased throughout the world. Around 536.6 million people worldwide are affected by diabetes of which 95 % have diabetes type 2. In Sweden, there are approximately 460 000 people that have the diabetes type 2. Self- care is there for an important part of the treatment. Lifestyle changes are crucial for the health and well-being of individuals with Diabetes type 2, including dietary modifications and increased physical activity. By taking care of oneself through lifestyle changes, the risk of severe complications can be reduced. 

Aim

The aim of this study was to describe patients experiences of self- care in diabetes type 2.

Method

A literature review based on ten qualitative scientific articles, retrieved from databases PubMed and Cinahl. The literature has been analyzed based on Fribergs five-step analysis, which resulted in two themes and five subthemes. Results the primary factor, self-care is susceptible to emotional influences and concerns regarding the possibility of future complications. Patients perceived changes in physical activity and diet as challenging, influenced by their motivation and cultural background. Support and motivation from healthcare providers, family members, and other social connections can foster self-care. Being well-informed about their condition held significant importance. By exhibiting empathy towards each patient's unique encounter with diabetes, we can empower them to take charge of their own care. 

Conclusion

Patients with type 2 diabetes have different experiences and perceptions of self-care. Modified diet and increased physical activity can be both positive and negative experiences. Challenges with physical activity and barriers related to lifestyle and culture affect the implementation of changes. Understanding the importance of lifestyle modifications is crucial for patients' self-care. Social and professional support plays a significant role in helping patients manage these changes. Person-centered care and nursing support are essential for promoting health and self-care in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 21
Keywords [en]
Diabetes type 2, self- care, Patient experience, physical activities, diet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20468Local ID: EXO502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-20468DiVA, id: diva2:1781893
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Nursing Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-07-18 Created: 2023-07-11 Last updated: 2023-07-18Bibliographically approved

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