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Turn-taking and gender in primary school L2 English: a study of boys’ and girls’ conversational participation across years
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2023 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Turn-taking occurs when a speaker offers or allows a listener to speak but taking turns in class is not always smooth. The study was conducted at an independent primary school in Stockholm with school years one and three L2 language learners of English, and there were more boys than girls (thirty boys to fourteen girls) in the participating classrooms. The current study aimed to examine the organization of boys’ and girls’ turn-taking strategies conducted by the teacher and pupils during L2 classroom interaction. The data was taken directly during L2 lessons with a mobile audio recorder and is naturally occurring, meaning that no instructions were given to the teachers about which topics to teach, tasks to use or how the lesson should be planned. The author acted as an observer, without performing an intervention, to be able to obtain data on the behavioral patterns of the participants in regular classes. Regarding the ratio of turn-taking occurrences between gender, the findings revealed differences in girls’ and boys’ participation where the boys had a slightly higher rate of participation than the girls across school years. Regarding the different strategies used by girls and boys to become participants in L2 classroom conversations, the boys had more overlapping utterances with the teacher than the girls, due to the boys having more uninvited utterances. The boys participated more often by taking the floor and the girls by being given the floor. The school years had implications for the difference in girls’ and boys’ participation in the classroom where school year one had more overlapping utterances than school year three, which may be because they are new to the school system and are learning the norm to raise hand before talking. Previous research has indicated that gender composition in the individual class can affect participation patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
turn-taking, classroom conversation, primary school, foreign language, gender, qualitative analysis
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20419Local ID: EON200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-20419DiVA, id: diva2:1780601
Subject / course
English
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Available from: 2023-07-17 Created: 2023-07-06 Last updated: 2023-07-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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