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Ansattes erfaring med uttrykt seksualitet i bofellesskap for personer med utviklingshemming: et komplekst tema
Fakultet for helsefag, VID vitenskapelige høgskole (NOR).
University West, Department of Health Sciences, Section for health promotion and care sciences. Institutt for atferdsvitenskap, Oslo Met – Storbyuniversitet (NOR). (KAMAIL)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7669-4702
2023 (Norwegian)In: Journal of Care Research, ISSN 2387-5976, E-ISSN 2387-5984, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [no]

Studien utforsker uttrykt seksualitet hos personer med utviklingshemming slik ansatte erfarer det fra miljøterapeutisk arbeid. Totalt 20 miljøterapeuter i et kommunalt bofellesskap deltok i refleksjoner individuelt og senere i grupper. Refleksjonene gjennomgikk en totrinnsanalyse basert på kvalitativ innholdsanalyse og resulterte i tre definerte temaer: 1) Når seksuelle uttrykk oppleves krenkende. 2) Det å komme til kort profesjonelt. 3) Arbeid med seksuelle temaer. Studien viser at miljøterapeuter opplevde manglende handlingskompetanse i møte med uttrykt seksualitet. Dette ble ytterligere utfordret av et fraværende system for veiledning, drøfting og kompetanseheving omkring seksuelle temaer. Systematikken som forventes i øvrig miljøterapeutisk arbeid, fantes ikke i arbeidet med seksualitet. Nødvendig tilrettelegging for å hjelpe beboere med å forstå kropp, behov eller utforskning synes å være vanskelig å få på plass. Samarbeid med kollegaer, beboere og deres nettverk utfordres av usikkerhet og manglende tydelighet. Dette handler om fag og etikk, men også om å ivareta beboernes seksuelle rettigheter.

Abstract [en]

This study explores expressed sexuality in people with intellectual disabilities and is based on staff experiences in environmental therapeutic work. A total of 20 environmental therapists working in a municipal housing scheme gave their reflections individually, and later in groups. The reflections underwent a two-stage analysis based on qualitative content analysis and resulted in three defined themes: 1) When expressions of sexuality are perceived as offensive2) Feeling inadequate professionally3) Working with sexual topics. The systematicity that is expected in general environmental therapeutic work was not found in work with sexuality. The support that is essential to help residents understand the body, needs or exploration seems to be difficult to put in place. Collaboration with colleagues, residents and their network is put to challenge by uncertainty and insufficient clarity. This concerns not only professionalism and ethics, but also the safeguarding of residents’ sexual rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Universitetsforlaget, 2023. Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-14
Keywords [en]
personal boundaries, positive sexuality, sexual autonomy, sexual health, sexual rights
Keywords [sv]
positiv sexualitet, sexuell autonomi, sexuell hälsa, sexuella rättigheter, personliga gränser
Keywords [no]
personlige grenser, positiv seksualitet, seksuell autonomi, seksuell helse, seksuelle rettigheter
National Category
Nursing Learning
Research subject
Work Integrated Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20286DOI: 10.18261/tfo.9.1.7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-20286DiVA, id: diva2:1778598
Note

Alternativ titel på engelska: Staff Experiences of Expressions of Sexuality in Shared Housing for People with Developmental Disabilities – A Complex Topic

CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2023-07-03 Created: 2023-07-03 Last updated: 2024-01-11

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Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina

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