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Vad motiverar distansarbete?: En kvantitativ studie utifrån personlighet
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
University West, Department of Social and Behavioural Studies.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Under det senaste året har distansarbete blivit allt vanligare som ett resultat av Covid-19 pandemin. Många företag och organisationer har varit tvungna att anpassa sig till nya sätt attarbeta för att kunna fortsätta sin verksamhet. Följande uppsats är en kvantitativ studie som syftar till att undersöka vad som motiverar personer till att arbeta på distans, samt hur dessa motivationsfaktorer skiljer sigmellan personlighetsdrag utifrån personlighetsteorin Big Five. En enkätundersökning bestående av femfaktormodellen IPIP-NEO-30 samt frågor kring olika motivationsfaktorer har genomförts där bekvämlighetsurval genom författarnas sociala medier har använts (N =100). Studien visar vilka motivationsfaktorer som människor motiveras mest av i sitt arbete på distans. Högst medelvärde hade produktivitet (M = 4.49), socialt samspel (M = 4.30) och effektivisering (M = 4.10). Studien undersökte även allmän trivsel med distansarbete med hjälp av en skala skapad av kompletterande enkätfrågor, där endast draget samvetsgrannhet visade ett samband med trivsel (r = .19). Studien i sin tur kan ge riktlinjer till arbetsgivare för att veta vem som trivs med distans. Slutligen uppmuntras fortsatt forskning inom ämnet då det finns ett antal begränsningar i denna studie, bland annat den mindre urvalsgruppen. 

Abstract [en]

During the last years teleworking has become more relevant due to the Covid-19 pandemic. More companies and organizations have become forced to adapt to new ways of working to continue in their corporation. Following essay is a quantitative study with the purpose to examine what motivates people to telework and how the motivational factors differ between different personality traits based on the personality theory Big Five. The study uses a survey based on the Five factor model IPIP-NEO-30 and questions regarding different motivational factors, where a convenience sampling based on the writers social media has been used (N = 100). The study examines which motivational factors motivates people in their telework the most. The highest average value being the items regarding productivity (M = 4.49), social interaction (M = 4.30) and efficiency (M = 4.10). The study also examines general satisfaction with telework with the help of a scale created by complementary survey questions. It shows that conscientiousness is the only trait that correlates with telework satisfaction (r = .19). The results aim to give a guideline to employers on who would be more satisfied with teleworking. Finally, continued research is encouraged within the subject since there are multiple limitations within the study, like the small selection group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
teleworking, personality, Big Five, work motivation
Keywords [sv]
distansarbete, personlighet, Big Five, arbetsmotivation
National Category
Work Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20241Local ID: EXM550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-20241DiVA, id: diva2:1776429
Subject / course
Psychology
Educational program
Personalvetarprogrammet
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-28 Created: 2023-06-28 Last updated: 2023-06-28Bibliographically approved

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