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Substansbrukets väg in till en livsstil av kriminalitet: En litteraturstudie som beskriver samband mellan substansbruk och kriminell utveckling hos ungdomar
University West, Department of Health Sciences.
University West, Department of Health Sciences.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The path of substance use into a lifestyle of criminality : A literature review describing the relationship between substance use and criminal development in adolescents (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Tidigare forskning visar att substansbruket och kriminaliteten ökat hos ungdomar i Sverige. Narkotikabrott är ett av flera brott som ungdomar vanligtvis blir dömda för. Utifrån Sveriges statistik över narkotikabrott och allmän brottslighet bland ungdomar framkommer att åldern mellan 15–20 år är en vanlig ålder för individer att både misstänkas och dömas för brott. Orsakerna till varför ungdomar börjar med substansbruk och kriminalitet är många och riskfaktorerna har ett gemensamt mönster. En av riskfaktorerna har en anknytning till tidigare normbrytande beteende hos individen och/eller individens närmaste krets.

Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva samband mellan substansbruk och kriminell utveckling hos ungdomar.

Metod: Studien baserades på en litteraturstudie. Datainsamlingen genomfördes genom systematiska litteratursökningar i databaserna Cinahl och PsycInfo varav vetenskapliga artiklar med både kvalitativ och kvantitativ ansats inkluderades. En trestegsmodell användes. Totalt valdes 9 artiklar ut av hög kvalitet samt etiskt godkännande.

Resultat: Resultatet baserades på utvalda artiklar och redovisades genom två teman och fem subteman. Första temat var “Riskfaktorer hos och runt ungdomar” och dess subteman var “Familjesituationens påverkan för att utveckla substansbruk”, “Umgängets betydelse för att utveckla substansbruk” och “Tidig debut med substanser riskerade ett ökat substansbruk”. Det andra temat var “Substansens negativa påverkan” och dess subteman var “Substansbruket som ingång till nytt umgänge i kriminella gäng” samt “Substansbruket som inkörsport till ungdomsbrottslighet”.

Slutsats: Utifrån denna litteraturstudies resultat går det att konstatera att det finns en rad olika faktorer till substansbruk och kriminalitet. Mycket baseras på familjestrukturen och familjebakgrunden. Resultatet visade även att substansbruket var nyckeln till en början av kriminell utveckling och kriminell omkrets. Det framkom ett samband till att substansbruket började i tidig ålder hos ungdomar.

Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research shows that substance use and criminality have increased among young people in Sweden. Drug crime is one of several crimes for which young people become a common convict. Based on Sweden's statistics on drug crimes and general crimesamong young people, it is established that 15-20 years is a common age range to both be suspected of and convicted of crime. The reasons why young people start with substance use and crime are many and risk factors have a common pattern. One of the risk factors is related to previous norm-breaking behavior of the individual and/or the individual's closest circle.

Aim: The aim of this literature study was to describe the connection between substance abuse and criminal development in young people.

Method: The study is based on a literature study. The data collection is carried out through systematic literature searches in the Cinahl and PsycInfo databases, of which scientific articles with both a qualitative and quantitative approach were included. A three-step method was used. A total of nine articles were selected which had high quality and ethical approval.

Findings: The result was based on selected articles and presented through two themes and five subthemes. The first theme was "risk factors in and around young people " and its subthemes were "The influence of the family situation on substance use development, "The influence of social circle on substance use development” and "Early debut with substances risked increased substance use". The second theme was "the substance's negative impact" and its subthemes were "Substance use as a gateway to new relationships in criminal gangs” and “Substance use as a gateway to juvenile delinquency".

Conclusion: Based on the results of this literature study, it can be concluded that there are a number of different factors to substance use and criminality. Much is based on the family structure and family background. The findings also showed that substance use was a key for criminal involvement and association. A connection emerged that substance use began at an early age in young people.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 19
Keywords [en]
crime, criminal gangs, drug use, family structure, substance use, and youth
Keywords [sv]
brottslighet, droganvändning, familjestruktur, kriminella gäng, substansbruk, ungdomar.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hv:diva-20185Local ID: EVX510OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hv-20185DiVA, id: diva2:1774793
Subject / course
Nursing science
Educational program
Socialpsykiatrisk vård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-28 Created: 2023-06-26 Last updated: 2023-06-28Bibliographically approved

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